Joint-Use Libraries: A Bibliography
ALA Library Fact Sheet Number 20
Joint use libraries, also known as Combined libraries, Dual use libraries, Comanaged libraries or Cooperative libraries, are a special form of library cooperation. Joint-use libraries are those where two separate library service providers use the same building to serve distinct clienteles. Such libraries are most often public libraries combined with school library media centers or public libraries combined with academic libraries, but other types exist.
The following is a selected list of articles, books, and web sites covering the subject of combined and joint-use libraries. References for the two most common types of combined libraries, public libraries combined with school libraries and public libraries combined with academic libraries, follow the references to general discussions. The general discussions are listed alphabetically, and the citations in the library type sections are purposefully listed in reverse chronological order (i.e., from newest to oldest). For citations prior to 1998, please contact us; or see Rashelle Schlessinger Karp's "The literature of joint-use libraries." In Advances In Library Administration & Organization, V14, 1996 (January 1996): 227-71. The Georgia Public Library Service also compiled a bibliography (2007).
Bundy, Alan. "Joint-Use Libraries - The Ultimate Form of Cooperation." in Planning the Modern Public Library Building, edited by Gerard B. McCabe and James R. Kennedy. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2003. Also available at:
http://arrow.unisa.edu.au:8081/1959.8/40627 (Viewed December 6, 2012.)
Dixon, Sandy. Is a Combined School/Public Library Right for Your Community? A Guide for Decision Makers. Des Moines, IA: State Library of Iowa, 2006. (Viewed December 6, 2012.)
Gunnels, Claire B., Susan E. Green, and Patricia M. Butler. Joint Libraries: Models That Work. 2012.
Imhoff, Kathleen R. T. "Public Library Joint-Use Partnerships: Challenges and Opportunities." Resource Sharing & Information Networks 15, no. 1/2 (September 2001): 17-39. Includes feasibility checklist.
International Conference on Joint Use Libraries, and Alan L. Bundy. Connection and Convergence: Second International Conference on Joint Use Libraries Adelaide, South Australia 3-4 November 2011: Proceedings. Blackwood, S. Aust: Auslib Press, 2011.
International Conference on Joint Use Libraries, and Alan L. Bundy. Joint Use Libraries: An International Conference, Manchester UK 19-21, June 2007: Proceedings. Blackwood, S. Aust: Auslib Press, 2007. (Summary at Massis, Bruce E. "Joint-Use Libraries Get Analysis and Encouragement." Library Journal 132, no. 14 (September 2007): 18.)
Johns, Mary. "The Benefits and Problems of Joint-Use Facilities." Public Libraries 38, no.6 (November/December 1999): 357.
Kilkka, Lois. 2008. "ImaginOn: Security Issues in a Joint-Use Children's Library/Children's Theater Facility." Library & Archival Security 21, no. 2: 87-113.
McNicol, Sarah. "Joint Use Libraries In the UK." Aplis 16.2 (2003): 81.
Matthews, Vivienne Kaye D., and Philip J. Calvert. "The Critical Success Factors for School and Community (Joint Use) Libraries in New Zealand." Education Libraries 30, no. 2 (Winter2007 2007): 5-17.
Miller, William. "Joint-Use Libraries: Sharing Facilities for Greater Efficiency." Library Issues 24, no. 2 (November 2003).
Miller, William and Rita M. Pellen, eds. Joint-Use Libraries. New York: The Haworth Information Press, 2001. Co-published simultaneously in Resource Sharing & Information Networks 15, no. 1/2, Haworth Press, 2001.
Mudd, Sara, and Andy Havens. 2009. "Library Cooperation in the 21st Century: Combining forces to achieve more." NextSpace no. 12: 4-9. (Viewed December 7, 2012.)
Sams, Annanaomi. "Are We Partners? Are We Married? ...Do We Dance?." Alki 24, no. 3 (December 2008): 15-28.
- Bauer, Patricia T. "Changing Places: Personnel Issues of a Joint Use Library in Transition." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 581-595.
- Bundy, Alan and Larry Amey. "Libraries Like No Others: Evaluating the Performance and Progress of Joint Use Libraries." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 501-518.
- Dalton, Pete, Judith Elkin, and Anne Hannaford. "Joint Use Libraries as Successful Strategic Alliances." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 535-548.
- Dorrington, Linda. "Health Libraries as Joint Use Libraries: Serving Medical Practitioners and Students." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 596-606.
- Hansson, Joacim. "Just Collaboration or Really Something Else? On Joint-Use Libraries and Normative Institutional Change with Two Examples from Sweden" Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 549-568.
- Haycock, Ken. "Dual-Use Libraries: Guidelines for Success." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 488-500.
- Lacroix, Eve-Marie, and Joyce E.B. Backus. "Organizing Electronic Information to Serve the Needs of Health Practitioners and Customers." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 607-619.
- Le Roux, Sophia and Francois Hendrikz. "Joint Use Libraries: Implementing a Pilot Community/School Library Project in a Remote Rural Area in South Africa." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 620-639.
- McNicol, Sarah. "What Makes a Joint Use Library a Community Library?" Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 519-534.
- Sullivan, Kathy, Warren Taylor, Mary Grace Barrick, and Roger Stelk. "Building the Beginnings of a Beautiful Partnership." Library Trends 54, no. 4 (Spring 2006): 569-580.
The entire Summer 1999 issue of Colorado Libraries (Vol. 5, No. 1) was devoted to the topic of combined libraries. It included the following articles, which provided information on both school and academic types of public library partnerships:
- Connole, Tom. "The Aurora Public Library-Community Community College of Aurora Relationship." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 33-36.
- Dornseif, Karen and Ellen Willis. "Making the Joint-Use Library Work: Harmony Library, Fort Collins, Colorado." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 15-17.
- Hagan, Mollie and Salle, Ellen M. "Can Do! Will Do! Life at the Sheridan Combined Library." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 25-28.
- Paladino, Paul H. "Getting More for Your Money: Shared Library of Montrose Library District and Mesa State College." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 29-32.
- Reno, Eric E. "Joint-Use Libraries: A College President's Perspective." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 10-11.
- Saferite, Linda. "Libraries Reap What They Sow: Share Library of Front Range Community College and Fort Collins Public Library." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 18-20.
- Sullivan, Kathy and Taylor, Warren G. "Building a Partnership from the Ground Up: Shared Library Between Front Range Community College and Westminster Public Library." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 12-14.
- Tucey, Richard, and Rooney, Carol. "The School/Public Library Alliance: The Pueblo Library District Experience." Colorado Libraries 25, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 21-24.
Wisconsin. Department of Public Instruction, Division for Libraries, Technology, and Community Learning. Combined School and Public Libraries: Guidelines for Decision Making. Madison, Wis: The Division, 1998. (Viewed December 6, 2012.)
Woods, Richard F. "Sharing Technology for a Joint-Use Library." Resource Sharing & Information Networks 17, no. 1/2 (March 2004): 205-220.
Yarrow, Alexandra, Barbara Clubb, and Jennifer-Lynn Draper. Public Libraries, Archives and Museums: Trends in Collaboration and Cooperation. The Hague: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, 2008. (IFLA Professional Reports, no. 108) (Viewed December 7, 2012.)
Combined Public and School Libraries
(reverse chronological order)
For examples of past successful partnerships between school & public libraries, see the list collected by the AASL/ALSC/YALSA Interdivisional Committee on School/Public Library Cooperation. Organized by categories, such as book discussion books, library card sign up programs, community reading projects -- and cautionary tales.
Kluever J, Wayne F. Making Connections: Challenges and Benefits of Joint Use Libraries as Seen in One Community. School Libraries Worldwide. January 2012;18(1):48-55.
Jackson, Young C., and Helen Bell. 2008. "Learning Side by Side." American Libraries 39, no. 4: 68-69.
Brookes, Joanna, and Rebecca Ryan. 2007. "A Tale of Two Libraries." Public Libraries 46, no. 4: 9-12.
Margolis, Rick. 2007. "Best in The West." School Library Journal 53, no. 5: 36-39. Profile of Wyoming's Fort Washakie School/Community Library and Technology Center.
Hubbe, Elizabeth B. 2005. Combined School/Public Libraries: Do They Have An Effect On Teens' Use of Library Materials and Teens Leisure Reading? n.p.: 2005. (Thesis (MSLS) Univ of NC at Chapel Hill.)
Jackson, Elise. "Formal and Informal Opportunities for Public Libraries to Partner with Schools." Bookmobiles and Outreach Services 8, no. 2 (2005): 45-67.
Everhart, Nancy, Deborah Delsemme, and Sandy Stuart. 2003. "The Research: Combined School-Public Libraries." Knowledge Quest 32, no. 1: 58-61.
New Schools Better Neighborhoods. "Case Studies: Joint Use Facilities." ©2003. (Viewed December 7, 2012.)
Auld, Hampton (Skip). "Combined School-Public Library Facilities: Opinions, Case Studies, and Questions to Consider, Part II." Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 310-316.
Harrington, Judy. "The Three Cs of a Successful Joint Library Project." Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 314.
Moorman, John. "Don't Do It!" Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 35-38.
Nichols, LeeAnn. "Joint School-Public Libraries: Challenges and Opportunities." Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 312-14.
Auld, Hampton (Skip). "Combined School-Public Library Facilities: Opinions, Case Studies, and Questions to Consider, Part I." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 248-255.
Blount, Patti and Pam Gardow. "Double Your Fun with a Combination Public-High School Library." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 254-55.
Casey, James B. "The Devil is in the Details." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 252-53.
Christopherson, Dan. "What One Community Says about Joint Use." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 250-51.
Bundy, Alan. "Essential Connections: School and Public Libraries for Lifelong Learning." The Australian Library Journal 50, no. 2 (February 2002): 47-70.
Sullivan, Edward T. "Connect with Success: A Few Tips for Public Library-School Cooperation." Journal of Youth Services in Libraries 14, no. 3 (Spring 2001): 14.
Woolls, E. Blanche. "Public Library-School Library Cooperation: A View from the Past with a Prediction for the Future." Journal of Youth Services in Libraries 14, no. 3 (Spring 2001): 8-10.
Casey, Mary Agnes. "School and Public Library Partnerships." Catholic Library World 71, no. 1 (September 2000): 81-82.
Fitzgibbons, Shirley A. "School and Public Library Relationships: Essential Ingredients in Implementing Educational Reforms and Improving Student Learning." School Library Media Research 3 (2000). (Viewed December 7, 2012.)
Lobner, Jerome and Lillian Kaslon. "School/Public Library Combinations." Nebraska Library Association Quarterly 31, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 17-21.
Kleiman, Allan M. "A Blueprint for Disaster." Public Libraries 38, no. 6 (November/December 1999): 357-58.
Sager, Don. "Joint Use of Facilities by Schools and Public Libraries." Public Libraries 38, no. 6 (November/December, 1999): 355-59.
Combined Public and Academic Libraries
(reverse chronological order)
Calvert, Philip James. 2010. "Why do Staff of Joint-Use Libraries Sometimes Fail to Integrate? Investigating Cultures and Ethics in a Public-Tertiary Joint-Use Library." Journal of Academic Librarianship 36, no. 2: 133-140.
Collins, Lydia N., Francis Howard, and Angie Miraflor. 2009. "Addressing the Needs of the Homeless: A San Jose Library Partnership Approach." Reference Librarian 50, no. 1: 109-116.
Fontenot, Mitchell J. 2007. "A Case for an Integrated Model of Community College and Public Use Libraries." Public Libraries 46, no. 4: 46-49. (Whole issue, viewed December 6, 2012.)
Marie, Kirsten L. 2007. "One Plus One Equals Three: Joint-Use Libraries in Urban Areas—The Ultimate Form of Library Cooperation." Library Administration & Management 21, no. 1: 23-28.
Collins, Lyn "Mimi" and William Duncan. "Joint-Use Libraries: Issues and Models" in It's All About Student Learning: Managing Community and Other College Libraries in the 21st Century, edited by David R. Dowell and Gerard B. McCabe. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2006.
Breivik, Patricia Senn, Luann Budd, and Richard F. Woods. "We're Married! The Rewards and Challenges of Joint Libraries." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 31 (September 2005): 401-408.
Green, Susan, and Claire Gunnels. 2005. "Voices from the Trenches: Librarians Reflect on the Joint-Use Library." Community & Junior College Libraries 13, no. 3: 25-31.
Jordan, Anne. "Double Booking: A City and a University Sharing a Library? It's not Easy, but San Jose is Doing It." Governing Magazine, August 2005.
Massengale, Lisa. "Working in a Joint-Use Facility." LIScareer.com: The Library & Information Science Professional's Career Development Center, 2005. (Viewed December 7, 2012.)
Woods, Richard F. "Sharing Technology for a Joint-Use Library." Resource Sharing and Information Networks 17, no. 1/2 (2004). Co-published simultaneously in Libraries Within Their Institutions: Creating Collaborations, Haworth Press, 2004.
Albanese, Andrew. "Joint San Jose Library Opens." Library Journal 128, no. 14 (September 1 2003): 17.
Dornseif, Karen and Ken Draves. "The Joint-Use Library: The Ultimate Collaboration." Colorado Libraries 29, no. 1 (2003): 5-8.
Kratz, Charles. "Transforming the Delivery of Service: The Joint-Use Library and Information Commons." College & Research Libraries News 64, no. 2 (February 2003): 100-01.
Lubans, John. "A Portrait of Collaborative Leadership: Donald E. Riggs and Nova Southeastern University's Joint-Use Library." Library Administration & Management 16, no. 4 (Fall 2002): 176-78.
Freeman, Alan. "An Innovative Library Partnership." Planning for Higher Education 30, no. 1 (Fall 2001): 20-26.
Riggs, Donald. "Joint-Use Libraries: Thinking Out of the Box." College & Research Libraries 61, no. 2 (March, 2000): 96-97. (Viewed December 7, 2012.)
Schwanz, Kathleen A. "Thinking about a Joint-Use Library? Developing A Memorandum of Agreement and Timetable Can Ensure Success." College & Research Libraries News 61, no. 6 (June, 2000): 478-80.
"Unique College, Public Library." The Unabashed Librarian 111 (1999): 14-15.
Anderson, Susan M. "Planning for the Future: A Combining Community and College Library." Library Administration & Management 13, no. 2 (Spring 1999): 81-86.
Rockman, Ilene F. "Joint Use Facilities: The View from San Jose; an Interview with C. James Schmidt." Library Administration & Management 13, no. 2 (Spring 1999): 64-67.
Flagg, Gordon. "Share and Share Alike?: Allan Kleiman and Jane Light Examine the Promise and Peril of Shared Facilities." American Libraries 30, no. 2 (February 1999): 40+ (6 pages).
Eberhart, George M. "Three Plans for Shared-Use Libraries in the Works." American Libraries 30, no. 2 (January 1999): 21-23.
Examples of Joint Use Libraries
For information on several joint use libraries, please see the links collected using the Delicious.com social bookmarking website for the ALA Library, at: https://delicious.com/alalibrary/Joint-use%20libraries
NOTE: Previous versions of this fact sheet can be accessed via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine using the original URL < http://www.ala.org/library/fact20.html>. And this URL still works as a "shortcut" link to this web page.
Last updated: December 2012
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