Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature

Images & Credits

Because of strict permission agreements with institutions lending the following images for the exhibition,
only Frankenstein tour libraries are authorized to use the images referred to on this site
. Libraries hosting the exhibit will receive a CD with the seven images and captions 3 months prior to the exhibit opening date. For those libraries that did not receive the CD or would like to request a copy earlier than 3 months before the exhibit opening, please send an email to requesting a CD. Please read the following image guidelines carefully before using any of the images.

The use of images is restricted to noncommercial or educational activities and promotion of the "
Frankenstein: Penatrating the Secrets of Nature" exhibition only at the specified library venues hosting the exhibit. This use should occur only during the time period for which the library is scheduled to host the exhibit or for advance publicity. Resale or commercial use of any images for profit in another publication, edition, format, or language is prohibited. Images may not be used for publicity for programs involving fundraising.

Libraries may not reformat, redesign or otherwise alter the screens on which the images appear, nor re-use the images in other products, nor allow others to use them.

Any use of images must be accompanied by the credit and caption provided with the image. One copy of any materials using any of these images must be provided to the Public Programs Office of the American Library Association. For contact information, please click

In the event of a violation of these conditions, the sponsors of the
Frankenstein touring exhibition reserve the right to terminate a participating library's use of the exhibition.

Libraries are liable for damages, claims, suits or other legal proceedings arising from or attributed to violation of third party rights resulting from any unauthorized creation, use, display, or modification of advertising or publicity materials relationg to the exhibition.

If you have any questions about the image use guidelines, please contact Lainei Castle at or (312) 280-5055.

Captions for the images contained on the CD:

Image #1

Mary Shelley

Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus

London, 1831

Singer-Mendenhall Collection, Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania

For the 1831 edition of Frankenstein, Mary Shelley wrote a new preface and made several changes in the text. She expressed great affection for her "hideous progeny."

Image #2

From Giovanni Aldini, An Account of the Late Improvements in Galvanism

Artist unknown, 1803

History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine

Italian physician Giovanni Aldini administered electricity to the bodies of decapitated animals and humans and produced twitching and other physical movements. Mary Shelley was well aware of "galvanism" when she wrote Frankenstein.

Image #3

The Edison Kinetogram, March 15, 1910

Courtesy U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site

The film company created by inventor Thomas Edison released the first cinematic version of Frankenstein in 1910. This cover of an Edison publication features Charles Stanton Ogle in dramatic white make-up as the monster in the first film.

Image #4

Poster for The Bride of Frankenstein, 1935

The Granger Collection, New York

In this 1935 sequel to Frankenstein, actress Elsa Lanchester played both Mary Shelley and the monster's intended mate. Lanchester's striking, streaked hair and stark make-up have made her image, like that of Boris Karloff's monster, recognizable to millions in the years since 1935.

Image #5

Jack Pierce and his assistant make up Boris Karloff, 1930-31

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Film Stills Archive

Courtesy of Universal Studios Licensing, Inc.

The enduring visual impact of the Frankenstein film monster of the 1930s owed much to the skill of make-up artist Jack Pierce (left), who transformed Boris Karloff into the creature who would be recognized around the world.


Image #6

Visible Humans

Computerized images

National Library of Medicine

In 1993, the National Library of Medicine created "The Visible Human Project" on the World Wide Web for the benefit of researchers and the public throughout the world. The Visible Humans are available on the Internet at

Image #7

The Monster

Courtesy Ronald V. Borst/Hollywood Movie Posters

Courtesy Universal Studios Licensing, Inc.