Technology and library users, an ongoing discussion
The 2001 ALA Annual Top Trends Discussion was held Sunday, June 17th in San Francisco. A greater variety of topics were raised than in more recent meetings, with recurring topics such as E-Books, XML, Open Source Software, and Digital Preservation still being closely watched.
Top Technology Trends
New Topics Raised :
- ISSUE 1: Wireless
- ISSUE 2: The Semantic Web
- ISSUE 3: Metadata Harvesting
- ISSUE 4: The Copyright War
- ISSUE 5: Hiring good Systems personnel
*Updated Midwinter 2003*
News, FAQs, Vendors, etc.allNetDevices-Wireless Devices -
A comprehensive site which includes a wireless FAQ, wireless devices (cell phones, handhelds, etc.), current news stories, etc.Mobileinfo -
This site provides information including wireless hardware vendors, faqs, practical introductions to such topics as Mobile Computing Systems Design Issues, and a rich resource list for more information.Mobile Village -
A site providing current news, a glossary of wireless terms, etc.Wireless Internet Resource Channel
This site provides links and short summaries to over a dozen wireless information webpages. The page also has a "What's New" at the top of the page, linking to hot topic articles on wireless.Wireless.com Everything Wireless
This site contains primarily vendor and business related wireless news, and is regularly updated. Categories are divided into topics such as "Wi-Fi," "Wireless Broadband," "Bluetooth," and "RFID."Wireless LAN resources for Linux
A clearinghouse of information on Linux based wireless implementations. Includes "how-to" information, driver information, software, security information, lists of institutions utilizing wireless networks using Linux, etc.Wireless Week -
A comprehensive site featuring current news on wireless.ZDNet -
ZDNet's portal to information on various technology topics. A good site to check for current information on wireless technologies, including news, white papers, links to wireless companies and products, etc. Library Specific InformationWireless Librarian -
This page contains a listing of online and print articles dealing with wireless (including articles detailing wireless in libraries), a list of libraries currently utilizing wireless networkInnovative Interface's AirPac
This details Innovative Interfaces' Airpac product, and provides an example of how integrated online library system vendors have begun to look into wireless applications in conjunction with their systems.
Bluetooth, a de-facto wireless technology standard, has received a lot of press. This is the official Bluetooth Website, containing news information, a FAQ, listing of events, technical information, etc.IEEE -
The Institute of Electric and Electronic Engineers is a chief developer of standards for Wireless technologies. This page provides information on the current status of wireless standards, and a link to other resources providing news on wireless technology.Open Mobile Alliance
An organization whose mission is to "grow the market for the entire mobile industry by removing the barriers to global user adoption and by ensuring seamless application interoperability while allowing businesses to compete through innovation and differentiation." This organization has an impressive member list. Some interesting information can be found under the "FAQs" and "Documents" section. White PapersInformation Week White Papers
Information Week provides links to numerous vendor authored, technical white papers, including white papers on wireless LANs. Note: You must register to view the white papers (free). Authors include such well-known companies as Cisco, Intel, Microsoft, and Sprint. The primary Information Week website provides additional information on wireless topics (http://www.informationweek.com/techcenters/networking/wireless )
W3C - Semantic Web Activity
http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/ - Includes specifications, presentations, discussion forums, news, and publications.
Scientific American, May 2001
by Tim Berners-Lee, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila
http://www.scientificamerican.com/2001/0501issue/0501berners-lee.html - An overview of the Semantic Web concept with some examples of how making Web content more meaningful to computers would ultimately benefit humans.
Semantic Web: A Primer
by Edd Dumbill, Nov 1, 2001
http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2000/11/01/semanticweb/ - Gives a brief overview of key technologies like XML and RDF, as well as relevant tools and applications to use for development.
SemanticWeb.org: The Semantic Web Community Portal
http://www.semanticweb.org/ - A research and commercial mix of resources, projects and tools for developers.
Dave Beck's Resource Description Framework (RDF) Resource Guide (University of Bristol)
http://www.ilrt.bristol.ac.uk/discovery/rdf/resources/ - Extensive resource list for RDF, including tutorials, projects, examples, publications, tools, documents and other resources.
Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting -
http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/openarchivesprotocol.htm The goal of the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) protocol "is to supply and promote an application-independent interoperability framework that can be used by a variety of communities who are engaged in publishing content on the Web." The protocol helps specify both how to make data/content available (through XML and etc.) and how to properly format retrieval requests.
Exposing and Harvesting Metadata Using the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol : A Tutorial -
http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/4/papers/3/ Defines what the OAI is conceptually, then gives specific examples of using the protocol to expose and harvest metadata.
Nordic Metadata Projects -
http://www.lib.helsinki.fi/meta/ Details projects undertaken by the national library of Norway to investigate many aspects of metadata, including developing harvesting and indexing software.
CLIR Activities - Metadata Harvesting Project -
http://www.clir.org/activities/details/metadata-docs.html Links to background documents on the plans and involvement of CLIR and the DLF in investigating methods and standards of Metadata Harvesting like the OAI protocol.
IP @ National Academies
Intellectual Property Rights in a Knowledge-Based Economy
STEP (Board on Science Technology and Economic Policy)
Association of American Publishers (AAP)
Association of American Publishers – on Copyright
Association of American Publishers Copyright Committees
Association of American Publishers Open eBook Publishing Standards Initiative
ALA Washington Office – Copyright Issues
Electronic Freedom Frontier
EFF "Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)" Archive
EFFector Online Newsletter -- July 22, 2001
Copyright Wars and Digital Dreams, Part II
Report From The Front In The Copyright Wars
Library "radicals" targeted in latest copyright battles
American Association of Law Libraries – Washington Affairs Online
American Association of Law Libraries – UCITA
Consumer Project on Technology
Bad Software: A Consumer Protection Guide
- ARL Annual Salary Survey (cumulative)
- Career Journal.com
By business sector, job title and institution/industry, 2000
(taken from the SLA Salary Survey) http://www.careerjournal.com/salaries/industries/librarians/
- SLIS, University of South Florida, Tampa Survey
Researchers at SLIS surveyed recent graduates about their job placement; survey results include placement by type of organization and salary information.
- Occupation Outlook Handbook - Bureau of Labor Statistics
Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
Librarians -- http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos068.htm
Computer Systems Analysts, Engineers, and Scientists --
The following articles discuss options available to librarians, especially those with subject specialties, outside of traditional librarian roles.
General article about low pay for librarians.
- Librarians are Finding Ample Opportunities by Kelly Gates http://www.careerjournal.com/salaries/industries/librarians/20001206-gates.html
- Demand for Librarians Hits an All-Time High by Valerie Gray Francois http://www.careerjournal.com/salaries/industries/librarians/19990928-francois.html
- Demand Explodes for Librarians With High-Tech Research Skills http://www.careerjournal.com/salaries/industries/librarians/19980825-rurak.html
- Forlorn and Forgotten in the Stacks; Low Pay is Driving May Librarians out of New York City, by Steven Greenhouse
- A Federal Call for IT by Jennifer Jones
Not surprisingly, the federal government has problems competing with private industry for IT staff.