2017 Popular Paperbacks Nominations
Biography: Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Tells Your Story:
Copeland, Misty. Life in Motion: An Unlikely Ballerina. Simon and Schuster/Touchstone. 2014. 278pp. ISBN: 978-1476737997. Life in Motion is a memoir from the first African American principal ballerina at the American Ballet Theater.
Crowder, Melanie. Audacity. Penguin/Speak. 2016. 390pp. ISBN: 978-0147512499. This novel in verse tells the story of Clara Lemlich and the women’s labor rights movement in early twentieth century New York.
Hill, Katie Rain. Rethinking Normal: A Memoir in Transition. Simon and Schuster. 2015. 266pp. ISBN: 978-1481418249. This is the story of Katie’s transition from male to female and the highs and lows of family, friends, bullies and love.
James, Kelle. Smile for the Camera: A Memoir. Simon and Schuster. 2011. 392pp. ISBN: 978-1442406247. Kelle leaves behind small town life and an abusive father with nothing and sets off to become a model.
Mah, Adeline Yen. Chinese Cinderella: The True Story of an Unwanted Daughter. Random House/Ember. 2010. 205pp. ISBN: 978-0385740074. Born in 1937, Yen Mah's father blamed her for her mother's death at childbirth. Although she suffered considerable emotional abuse from her siblings, stepmother and father, she eventually moved on to the United States, becoming chief of anesthesiology at Anaheim Community Hospital in California.
Moore, Wes. Discovering Wes Moore. Random House/Ember. 2013. 160pp. ISBN: 978-0385741682. Wes Moore grew up in poverty, but through his supportive family and discipline learned in military school was able to graduate college and become a Rhodes Scholar. As an adult, he learns of another Wes Moore whose childhood resembled his, but who ended up serving a life sentence in prison.
O’Reilly, Bill, and Dwight Jon Zimmerman. Lincoln’s Last Days: The Shocking Assassination that Changed America Forever. Macmillan/Square Fish. 2014. 316pp. ISBN: 978-1250044297. This title is an abridged version of O'Reilly's adult version of Killing Lincoln. In intriguing style, it recounts the events of Lincoln's final days as well as John Wilkes Booth's contempt for Lincoln and the subsequent assassination of the 16th President of the United States. O'Reilly takes the reader on a journey of the manhunt for Booth and his allies.
Prince, Liz. TOMBOY. Zest. 2014. 255pp. ISBN: 978-1936976553. Meet Liz Prince who’s been deviating from the norm since birth. In this humorous and genuine graphic novel, Liz shares her insight growing up as at tomboy and the contemplations and drama that came with it.
Reef, Catherine. The Brontë Sisters: The Brief Lives of Charlotte, Emily, and Anne. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2015. 231pp. ISBN: 978-0544455900. This biography explores the turbulent lives of the three literary siblings and the oppressive times in which they lived, and offers insight into their classic nineteenth-century novels.
Satrapi, Marjane. Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood. Random House/Pantheon Books. 2004. 153pp. ISBN: 978-0375714573. In this graphic novel, Marjane Satrapi, who’s part rebel/part punk, presents simple yet detailed visuals of her tumultuous and tragic childhood during the Islamic Revolution.
Schmidt, Jason. A List of Things That Didn’t Kill Me. Macmillan/Square Fish. 2016. 421pp. ISBN: 978-1250073723. A List of Things That Didn’t Kill Me is a memoir about a kid having to keep secrets about his home life (involving sex, drugs and crime) while trying to overcome those circumstances.
Small, David. Stitches. W. W. Norton & Company. 2010. 329pp. ISBN: 978-0393338966. Stitches is a dark, coming of age memoir about a boy that gets cancer from radiation treatments given to him by his parents. As a teenager he acts out by running away from home and various schools until he finds redemption through therapy and by discovering himself as an artist.
Van Wagenen, Maya. Popular: How a Geek in Pearls Discovered the Secret to Confidence. Penguin Books/Speak. 2015. 259pp. ISBN: 978-0147512543. Maya, a quirky teen seeking to achieve popularity in her school, tries a social experiment on herself by following an etiquette guide by Betty Cornell from the 1950's. The results that are achieved by this social experiment are unexpected but help her gain confidence in herself and discover the meaning of popularity.
Horror: Better Dead than Unread:
Alameda, Courtney. Shutter. Macmillan/Square Fish. 2016. 384pp. ISBN: 978-1250079961. The Helsing Corporation hunts nightmare creatures, until one escapes. With time ticking, one of their own will die.
Barraclough, Lindsey. Long Lankin. Candlewick. 2014. 455pp. ISBN: 978-0763669379. Two children discover a creature that steals small children, but can they find a way to defeat Long Lankin before it’s too late?
Blake, Kendare. Anna Dressed in Blood. Macmillan/Tor Teen. 2012. 316pp. ISBN: 978-0765328670. Cas is a teenage ghost hunter, following in his late father’s footsteps. Anna is seemingly like any other ghost-she haunts an old Victorian home and kills all those who dare enter. When the two meet they have easy expectations for one another but are each surprised by the series of events that unfold between the ghost killer and the murdering ghost.
Blayse, Dale E. Heck: Where the Bad Kids Go. Random House/Yearling. 2009. 288pp. ISBN: 978-0375840760. When two kids die in a marshmallow-bear explosion, they’re sent to Heck. Are they stuck there forever, or just until they turn eighteen?
Bray, Libba. The Diviners. Hachette/Little, Brown and Co. 2013. 578pp. ISBN: 978-0316126106. In 1920s New York City, Evie O’Neil and a band of supernaturally talented friends attempt to hunt down an undead serial killer.
Chupeco, Rin. The Girl from the Well. Sourcebooks/Sourcebooks Fire. 2015. 258pp. ISBN: 978-1492608684. This book is best described by the blurb on the cover "The Ring meets The Exorcist."
Damico, Gina. Croak. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2012. 311pp. ISBN: 978-0547608327. After some wild behavior, Lex is sent up to her uncle’s farm in hopes that some hard work will tame her, but her uncle is actually a Grim Reaper and he’s about to teach Lex the family business.
Fukuda, Andrew. The Hunt. Macmillan/St. Martin’s Press. 2012. 296pp. ISBN: 978-1250005298. In a parallel world populated by “people” (vampires), the few remaining free humans (hepers) must disguise or relinquish the characteristics that make them human to fit in or risk a certain, gruesome, and swift death at the hands of the ravenous horde.
Gaiman, Neil, with P. Craig Russell, Illustrated by Kevin Nowlan, Tony Harris, and Scott Hampton. The Graveyard Book 1. HarperCollins/HarperCollins Children’s Books. 2015. 188pp. ISBN: 978-0062194824. Bod is an orphan, raised by a family of ghosts in a graveyard, but he is being hunted by a man named Jack, and must figure out how to save himself.
Garcia, Kami. Unbreakable. Hachette/Little, Brown and Co. 2014. 305pp. ISBN: 978-0316210188. Kennedy discovers she is a member of an ancient society of hunters who protect the world from demons.
Higson, Charlie. The Enemy. Disney/Hyperion. 2014. 440pp. ISBN: 978-1484721469. A disease has killed everyone over the age of sixteen and turned them into the living dead. One group of kids decides to cross London to Buckingham Palace to find safety, but the streets are full of hungry zombies.
Hill, Joe, and Gabriel Rodriguez. Locke and Key Volume 1: Welcome to Lovecraft. 2009. 158pp. ISBN: 978-1600103841. After a murder, a family moves back to an estate in Maine, but the children quickly learn that the house isn’t what it seems, and that keys don’t always open doors.
Hosie, Donna. The Devil’s Intern. Holiday House. 2015. 229pp. ISBN: 978-0823434527. Mitchell Johnson just wants to escape his internship in, but having his three closest friends come back to the land of the living may just foil his wish.
Ishida, Sui. Tokyo Ghoul Volume 1. Viz Media. 2015. 213pp. ISBN: 978-1421580364. Ken Kaneki is just an average guy until a date with the beautiful Rize ends with Ken's transformation into a half-ghoul, half-human hybrid.
Johnson, Maureen. Devilish. Penguin Books/Penguin Young Readers Group. 2013. 263pp. ISBN: 978-0147508553. When Jana's best friend Allison makes a deal with devil, it's up to Jana to make the deal of a lifetime to save her friend with the help of a priest and a mysterious 104 year old who looks fourteen. Will she be able to save Allison, or are they both doomed?
Kagawa, Julie. The Immortal Rules. Harlequin/Harlequin Teen. 2013. 457pp. ISBN: 978-0373210800. The world has ended as we know it now vampires rule the world and humans are considered nothing more than "blood bags." Allie has been chased down by a new vampire, a rabid, and Kanin finds her and as an act of mercy turns her into one of his kind. Now Allie is struggling to hold on to the humanity she has left all while trying to survive this new world.
Klein, Jen. Jillian Cade: Fake Paranormal Investigator. Soho Press/Soho Teen. 2016. 288pp. ISBN: 978-1616956905. Unlike her famous father who is an expert on the occult, Jillian Cade is a skeptic, but she’s willing to milk his reputation by taking over his private investigation firm after he abandons her. Things get strange when she takes a seemingly-normal missing person’s case, but a new boy at school won’t stop talking about succubi.
Kraus, Daniel. Rotters. Random House/Ember. 2012. 448pp. ISBN: 978-0385738583. After Joey Couch's mother dies in a car accident, he is sent to live with his estranged father in Iowa. Joey is rejected by the town and his peers, based on his father's reputation as a slacker. Lonely and isolated, Joey joins his father in a most strange and macabre preoccupation: grave robbing.
Lauren, Christina. The House. Simon and Schuster. 2015. 373pp. ISBN: 978-1481413725. Gavin lives in a spooky house on the edge of town, and is trapped by the house’s secrets, but he and Delilah can’t resist each other, no matter the price.
McNeil, Gretchen. Ten. HarperCollins/Balzer & Bray. 2013. 294pp. ISBN: 978-0062118790. Inspired by Agatha's Christie's And Then There Were None, this novel is a nail-biter. When Meg and Minnie plan a party (including boys) out on Henry Island, they don't plan on the presence of a killer.
Poblocki, Dan. The Ghost of Graylock. Scholastic/Scholastic Paperbacks. 2014. 264pp. ISBN: 978-0545402699. When Neil is sent to live with his aunt, he discovers Graylock Hall, a psychiatric hospital that has been closed for 15 years. He and his newfound friends decide to explore it and set off a string of inexplicable events.
Riggs, Ransom. Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children. Quirk Books. 2013. 382pp. ISBN: 978-1594746031. Jacob is reeling from the death of his grandfather, so when he is given a mysterious letter that leads him to a remote Welsh island, he finds the children from the photographs that were in the mysterious letter--alive and well--despite the islanders’ assertion that all were killed decades ago. The more Jacob uncovers about his grandfather’s childhood, he believes he is being trailed by a monster that
is visible only to him.
Roux, Madeline. Asylum. HarperCollins/HarperCollins Childrens Books. 2014. 313pp. ISBN: 978-0062220974. When Dan Crawford decided to attend the New Hampshire College Prep program, he had no way of knowing the horror in store for him. Brookline dorm, previously used as a sanatorium, turns out to have a much deeper connection to Dan than he could have guessed, and finding out just exactly what is going on may cost him his life.
Ryan, Carrie. The Forest of Hands and Teeth. Random House/Ember. 2010. 310pp. ISBN: 978-0385736824. The Sisterhood have always told Mary to stay away from the fence that surrounds their village from the unrelenting Unconsecrated and the Forest of Hands and Teeth , but after the fence is breached, Mary doesn’t know who she can trust.
Sedgwick, Marcus. Revolver. Macmillan/Square Fish. 2011. 204pp. ISBN: 978-0312547974. Set in a remote cabin 100 miles north of the Arctic Circle, Sig Anderson is alone with his father's corpse. When Sig opens the door to an unwelcome, hulking intruder who demands his share of gold, Sig wonders if he will use a revolver to save himself.
Shan, Darren. Lord Loss. Hachette/Little, Brown and Co. 2006. 233pp. ISBN: 978-0316012331. Grubbs Grady's life is changed when his family is murdered by demons.
Shepherd, Megan. A Cold Legacy. HarperCollins/Balzer & Bray. 2016. 390pp. ISBN: 978-0062128096. Inspired by Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, A Cold Legacy finds Juliet Moreau escaping to a remote estate on the Scottish moors after killing the men who stole her father’s research, but it may not be the safe haven she had hoped. Instead, the estate is a dismal mansion with secrets and a history of questionable scientific experimentation. Although Juliet is intrigued by the possibility of perpetuating life through science, she must eventually confront her ideas about right and wrong.
Shepherd, Megan. The Madman’s Daughter. HarperCollins/Balzer & Bray. 2013. 420pp. ISBN: 978-0062128034. A retelling of H.G. Wells' The Island of Dr. Moreau, The Madman's Daughter is a thrilling tale of hidden identities, gruesome human experiments, and insanity.
Stratton, Allan. The Dogs. Sourcebooks/Sourcebooks Fire. 2015. 258pp. ISBN: 978-142621010. Cameron and his mom have been running from a psychotic father for years. When Cameron is whisked away yet again and moves into a farmhouse in rural Illinois, he soon starts seeing ghosts, often accompanied by the braying of rabid dogs. As he digs deeper into the mystery surrounding their farmhouse, Cameron starts questioning the truth of everything he knows, and even his own sanity.
Summers, Courtney. This is not a Test. Macmillan/Griffin. 2012. 326pp. ISBN: 978-0312656744. When the zombie apocalypse happens, Sloane Price seeks shelter with five other teens she barley knows in her high school. As the days pass, the paranoia of being trapped with people you aren't sure you can trust begins to unravel.
Tucholke, April Genevieve. Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea. Penguin/Speak. 2014. 360pp. ISBN: 978-0142423219. Violet’s grandmother always warned her to stay away from the Devil, even in their sleepy seaside village, but when new-comer River rents their guest house, dark things start to happen. Was her grandmother talking about River?
Wasserman, Robin. The Waking Dark. Random House/Ember. 2014. 454pp. ISBN: 978-037572785. Sometimes monsters are created, sometimes they are revealed. In Oleander, Kansas ordinary town folk are committing murder for no apparent reason. Are they insane or is there an outside force at work?
West, Carly Anne. The Bargaining. Simon and Schuster/Simon Pulse. 2016. 403pp. ISBN: 978-1442441835. The Bargaining has been compared to The Shining, The Conjuring, and Stephen King novels.
Yancey, Rick. The Monstrumologist. Simon and Schuster/Saga Press. 2015. 434pp. ISBN: 978-1481425445. Will Henry is an orphan and assistant to a monster-hunting doctor. When they find a baby Anthropophagus—a headless monster that feeds through a mouth in its chest—Will and the doctor must stop the coming monster hordes before it’s too late.
Living Overseas: Stranger in a Strange Land:
Berry, Nina. The Notorious Pagan Jones. Harlequin/Harlequin Teen. 2016. 400pp. ISBN: 978-0373211906. A fateful car accident turns film star Pagan Jones from America's Sweetheart into a notorious bad girl. She gets a chance to leave juvie and restart her career with a new film--with the catch that she has to go to West Berlin to film it.
Carter, Ally. All Fall Down. Scholastic. 2015. 310pp. ISBN: 9780545654807. Grace witnessed a horrific event and now is being shipped off overseas to live with her grandfather in the hopes of making Grace forget about the past.
Creech, Sharon. Bloomability. HarperCollins/HarperCollins Children’s Books. 2012. 273pp. ISBN: 978-0064408233. Dinnie’s aunt and uncle whisk her off to an international school in Switzerland, and it’s up to her to decide if she should simply survive, or bloom.
Crowley, Cath. Graffiti Moon. Random House/Ember. 2012. 259pp. ISBN: 978-0375871955. In one night, Lucy has her heart set on finding her hero, a graffiti artist named Shadow.
Farish, Terry. The Good Braider. Amazon Children’s Publishing/Skyscape. 2014. 221pp. ISBN: 978-1477816288. When the trauma of civil war in South Sudan becomes unbearable for Viola and her family, they travel across Africa to become refugees and flee to America. Once in the United States, Viola struggles to reconcile her life in America to the life she left behind.
Foley, Jessie Ann. The Carnival at Bray. Elephant Rock Productions. 2014. 254pp. ISBN: 978-0989515597. Sixteen year old Maggie Smith finds herself suddenly uprooted from Chicago to small-town Ireland. Holding tight to her love for grunge and Kurt Cobain, Maggie wonders how she'll ever survive in this strange new world. Yet when sudden death strikes, she sets out on a junket to Dublin, then Rome, in order to fulfill a dying wish. On this journey, she learns more about life and living than she ever thought she would.
Forman, Gayle. Just One Day. Penguin Group/Speak. 2013. 369pp. ISBN: 978-0142422953. Allyson Healey finds love in the most unexpected place, while traveling abroad on a graduation celebration tour. Always safe, she decides to experience life for one day, and what results is more than she expected.
Forman, Gayle. Just One Year. Penguin Group/Speak. 2014. 323pp. ISBN: 978-0142422960. The story picks up with Willem after the events of Just One Day, and what happened in a year after last seeing Allyson, and the obstacles to finding that fleeting love.
Gier, Kerstin. Dream a Little Dream. Macmillan/Square Fish. 2016. 336pp. ISBN: 978-1250073662. Liv and her sister move to London and are forced to deal with their mother's new fiancé and living in a new country. Soon, Liv starts dreaming about some of the boys in her school. When they seem to know things about her they only could have learned from the dreams, Liv wonders, are the dreams real?
Hubbard, Kirsten. Wanderlove. Random House/Ember. 2013. 338pp. ISBN: 978-0385739382. Bria Sandoval is an unlikely person to travel across the world solo until one day she decides to prove everyone wrong, and goes backpacking through Mayan villages and remote islands in Belize.
Lake, Nick. In Darkness. Bloomsbury USA. 2014. 341pp. ISBN: 978-1619631229. Shorty, a fifteen year old gang member, gets caught in the ruble of a falling building when an earthquake hits his homeland of Haiti. He experiences visions of his life as he struggles to survive.
Mead, Richelle. Soundless. Penguin Books/Razorbill. 2016. 272pp. ISBN: 978-1595147646. Fei lives in an isolated village where most of its inhabitants are deaf. When Fei discovers that her sister is going blind and is in danger of losing her apprenticeship she embarks on a journey to safe her village and her sister.
Resau, Laura. Indigo Notebook. Random House/Ember. 2010. 324pp. ISBN: 978-0375845246. Zeeta and her free spirited mother move to a new country every couple of months, so Zeeta has gotten in the habit of keeping a journal for every country she has lived in in order to record her experiences. She is also determined to finally convince her mother that it would be in their best interest to settle down.
Saeed, Aisha. Written in the Stars. Penguin Books/Speak. 2016. 304pp. ISBN: 978-0147513939. Naila is the American daughter of Pakistani immigrants, and when they catch her breaking their rules, it’s off on a family trip to Pakistan to turn Naila back to her parents’ idea of a good Pakistani girl (and suitable bride).
Simukka, Salla. As White as Snow. Amazon Childrens/Skyscape. 2015. 214pp. ISBN: 978-1477820636. After escaping a dangerous crime ring (as told in the first book of this trilogy, As Red as Blood), Lumikki travels to Prague, seeking peace. Instead, she is approached by a strange girl who claims to be her long-lost, secret sister and pulled into a new mystery.
Swank, Denise Grover. One Paris Summer. HarperCollins/Blink. 2016. 272pp. ISBN: 978-0310755166. Sophie Brooks has no interest in flying to Paris at the last minute to attend her father's wedding and spend the summer with him and his new family, but her one Paris summer opens her eyes to a different culture and the opportunities to be found if one only lets them.
Tabak, Lawrence. In Real Life. Tuttle Publishing. 2015. 287pp. ISBN: 978-0804846288. Fifteen-year-old math prodigy Seth Gordon is invested in the world of gaming and wants to be one of the best in the world. When he is recruited by a Korean team and moves to Korea, he finds that not everything was what he imagined.
Mental Health: Invisible Wounds:
Arnold, David. Mosquitoland. Penguin/Speak. 2016. 342pp. ISBN: 978-0147513656. In a witty, mostly funny narrative, 16 year old Mim sets out on a journey to find her mother, but discovers more about herself as she observes her own mental state in addition to relatives and her own mother.
Brosh, Allie. Hyperbole and a Half: Unfortunate Situations, Flawed Coping Mechanisms, Mayhem, and Other Things That Happened. Simon and Schuster/Touchstone. 2013.369pp. ISBN: 978-1451666175. Funny, honest, and smart, Allie Brosh talks about her issues - events in her life, in others' lives, how she's
dealt with things (or not), and so much more.
Conaghan, Brian. When Mr. Dog Bites. Bloomsbury USA. 2016. 359pp. ISBN: 978-1681190181. Dylan Mint has Tourette's, and one day he overhears that he only has a few months to live, so he comes up with a list of things to do before he dies, including finding a replacement best friend for Amir, his autistic friend.
Hand, Cynthia. The Last Time We Say Goodbye. HarperCollins/HarperTeen. 2016. 390pp. ISBN: 978-0062318480. The Last Time We Say Goodbye showcases grief at its grittiest in a story about life after Tyler's brother commits suicide and his feelings of loss, guilt, and overall depression.
Haydu, Corey Ann. OCD Love Story. Simon and Schuster/Simon Pulse. 2014. 341pp. ISBN: 978-1442457331. Bea struggles with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and fixates on a couple she sees in her therapist's office.
Niven, Jennifer. All the Bright Places. Random House/Ember. 2016. 416pp. ISBN: 978-0385755917. Violet is beautiful, popular, and no one knows she's depressed, and Finch is the class outcast and everyone knows he has problems. After they meet on the ledge of the school bell tower when both are considering suicide , Finch won't let their meeting go, and doggedly pursues a friendship with Violet.
Oliver, Lauren. Vanishing Girls. HarperCollins/HarperCollins Childrens Books. 2016. 384pp. ISBN: 978-0062224118. Before the accident, sisters Dara and Nick were inseparable. Now, they never seem to see each other, and then Dara vanishes on her birthday, the same time as a local nine-year-old girl, Madeline. Nick is convinced she must find and save both Dara and Madeline, but when she realizes the truth about the accident, everything changes.
Scheier, Leah. Your Voice is All I Hear. Sourcebooks/Sourcebooks Fire. 2015. 328pp. ISBN: 978-1492614418. April's new boyfriend Jonah is acting strangely and she's the only one he trusts, but when he is admitted for inpatient psychiatric treatment for his paranoia and schizophrenia, April and her classmates finally understand exactly what it's like to live with voices in your head.
Shusterman, Neal and Brendan Shusterman. Challenger Deep. HarperCollins/HarperTeen. 2016. 320pp. ISBN: 978-0061134142. Caden Bosch struggles to decipher his own reality as he switches between being a paranoid high school student and crew member of a pirate ship on a voyage to the ocean's deepest trench.
Silvera, Adam. More Happy Than Not. Soho/Soho Teen. 2016. 304pp. ISBN: 978-1616956776. After his father's suicide and his own suicide attempt, Aaron Soto is just trying to find a way to be happy and he thinks a new medical procedure that can destroy selected memories might be just the key, but when his friends viciously attack him over his growing attraction to Thomas, other memories come flooding back.
Smith, Hilary T. Wild Awake. HarperCollins/Katherine Tegen Books. 2015. 375pp. ISBN: 978-0062184696. Seventeen-year-old Kiri Byrd has big plans for her summer without her parents - winning Battle of the Bands with her bandmate and best friend, Lukas. But when a stranger calls saying he has her dead sister’s belongings, Kiri is thrown into a spiral of chaos that opens old wounds and new mysteries.
Students of Limpsfield Grange School, The, with Vicky Martin. M is for Autism. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 2015. 93pp. ISBN: 978-1849056847. A thirteen-year-old girl struggles with severe anxiety before finally being diagnosed as autistic.
Vizzini, Ned. It’s Kind of a Funny Story. Disney/Miramax. 2007. 444pp. ISBN: 978-0786851973. A teenage boy contemplates suicide but instead checks himself into a psychiatric hospital to learn how to cope with his depression.
Woolston, Blythe. The Freak Observer. Lerner/Carolrhoda. 2012. 202pp. ISBN: 9780761381327. Loa Lindgren's whole life has revolved around caring for her baby sister Asta who suffered from Rett syndrome, but after Asta's death, and after witnessing a truck hit and kill Loa's friend Esther, Loa suffers from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and fixates on an extra-credit project for physics on the Boltzmann brain paradox to cope.