Transforming Libraries - sample guidelines and standards

This is a listing of legislation and other items as the industry and libraries try to establish guidelines and standards for the dissemination of ebooks.

The Best Websites for Teaching and Learning honors websites, tools, and resources of exceptional value to inquiry-based teaching and learning as embodied in the American Association of School Librarians' Standards for the 21st-Century Learner.
Freedom of expression is an inalienable human right and the foundation for self-government. Freedom of expression encompasses the freedom of speech and the corollary right to receive information. Libraries and librarians protect and promote these rights by selecting, producing, providing access to, identifying, retrieving, organizing, providing instruction in the use of, and preserving recorded expression regardless of the format or technology.
The latest round of anti-piracy legislation supposedly crafted to squelch online piracy has been thinly cloaked under the veil of copyright.
Libraries are leaders in trying to maintain a balance of power between copyright holders and users, in keeping with the fundamental principles outlined in the Constitution and carefully crafted over the past 200 years. In this role, we closely follow both federal and state legislation and make our voices heard when our issues are moving. Libraries are perceived as a voice for the public good and our participation is often sought in "friend of the court" briefs in important intellectual property cases.
This piece was written in hopes of clarifying one aspect of the confusion—digital delivery of content to the “physical” classroom.
This landmark legislation updated U.S. copyright law to meet the demands of the Digital Age and to conform U.S. law to the requirements of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and treaties that the U.S. signed in 1996.
On November 2nd, 2002, the "Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization Act" (the TEACH Act), part of the larger Justice Reauthorization legislation (H.R. 2215), was signed into law by President Bush. Long anticipated by educators and librarians, TEACH redefines the terms and conditions on which accredited, nonprofit educational institutions throughout the U.S. may use copyright protected materials in distance education-including on websites and by other digital means--without permission from the copyright owner and without payment of royalties.
Since the CONFU (Conference on Fair Use) discussions in the late 1990's, there have been numerous discussions concerning "best practices" of electronic reserve systems or e-reserves. The library and higher education associations did not endorse the CONFU discussions because the draft e-reserves guidelines were both highly proscriptive and did not provide the necessary flexibility characteristic of fair use. Some libraries chose to follow the CONFU guidelines that did emerge even though those guidelines - like many copyright guidelines - do not have the force or effect of law.
In 2013, experts and practitioners from across the U.S. discussed the future of teens and libraries. The result? Some straightforward and achievable recommendations for engaging and empowering teens. YALSA’s “The Future of Library Services for and with Teens: a Call to Action” report captures findings from the 2013 meeting about how youth-serving groups, community organizations and libraries can team up to help the nation’s teens succeed in school and prepare for careers. The report is available as a free download.
Recently, numerous international trade agreements and conventions have included provisions on copyright policies. These provisions concern the library community because many of them impose onto signatory nations (including the U.S.) obligations to pass copyright laws that ensure technological protection for copyrighted works. In many instances, these provisions appear to be more restrictive than existing U.S. copyright law as well as current international standards.
Specialized learning experiences are built upon a general foundation of library and information studies. The design of specialized learning experiences takes into account the statements of knowledge and competencies developed by relevant professional organizations.
This toolkit is designed to help practitioners learn more about the key ideas of the learning standards and share those messages with others. It includes official AASL materials as well as materials created by L4L coordinators, practicing school librarians, library school faculty members, and experts in the field of education.
A continuing issue for ALA in the past few years relates to licensing. License agreements, rather than outright sales, have become an accepted and prevalent means for publishers to provide their products to libraries. And although licensing has proven to be a convenient way to obtain journals, for example, license terms can expand -- or restrict -- the uses of a work that would have been allowed under the copyright law. Some people even ask, "Is copyright dead?" That is, does increased use of licensing of information make copyright law irrelevant?
Privacy is essential to the exercise of free speech, free thought, and free association. Protecting user privacy and confidentiality has long been an integral part of the mission of libraries. The ALA has affirmed a right to privacy since 1939. 6 Existing ALA policies affirm that confidentiality is crucial to freedom of inquiry. 7 Rights to privacy and confidentiality also are implicit in the Library Bill of Rights’ 8 guarantee of free access to library resources for all users.
As librarians, we have a professional obligation to strive for free access to all information resources. However, many of the questions concerning digital information will not have a single answer. ALA recognizes that each library needs to develop policies in keeping with its mission, objectives, and users. Librarians also need to be cognizant of local legislation and judicial decisions that may affect implementation of their policies.
The following checklists and guidelines are intended to help libraries “think accessible” as they consider purchasing electronic resources and web services.