Impact on Reading and Literacy

Common Core, Visibility, Impact, Learning Models, and Much More

An introduction to the journal is presented in which the editor discusses various reports published within the issue including one by Dr. Ross Todd who cites the need for visibility of teacher librarians and the need for new learning and teaching models, another by Keith Curry Lance and Linda Hofschire who provide research finding that support the belief that school library programs and teacher librarians has significant contributions to gains in student achievement.

Challenges to Collaboration

The article focuses on the challenges of collaboration in school library programs. It states that the study about exemplary school libraries by Queen's University and People for Education affirmed that collaborative teaching is a critical activity in Level 3 programs. It mentions the challenges to collaboration and the ways to overcome it. Moreover, research shows that test scores are higher in schools in which teacher-librarian and classroom teacher collaborate to measure learning experiences.

Directline

The article focuses on the move of the Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA) and the Australian School Libraries Association (ASLA) to raise the profile of teacher librarians. It is stated that the groups work towards the promotion of school libraries and teacher librarians. It notes the trends in research revealing the pressures on their ability to develop literacy. The ALIA representative vacancy and calls for expressions of interest are included.

The Story of the Story: Research Support for the School Librarian's Role in Teaching Writing

The writer discusses the importance of storytelling as a part of the curriculum in improving the academic standards of underachieving students, and highlights the role of school librarians in this regard. He focuses on various studies conducted in this area, noting that the overall results indicate that narrating stories to students actually improves their reading and comprehension skills. Advice on using storytelling as part of the curriculum is also provided.

Dropout Prevention through the School Library: Dispositions, Relationships, and Instructional Practices

In the United States of America, each year almost one-third of all public high school students drop out before graduating and receiving a diploma. School librarians can play a critical role in strengthening and improving the academic achievement of all students, but especially those who are at-risk of dropping out of school. In this article, students most at-risk of dropout are identified. A research-based framework to improve student achievement through dispositions of the school librarian, nurturing relationships and supportive environments, and effective instructional practices is identified. Practical suggestions about specific school library programs are made. The article concludes with a section on implications for practice and suggestions for further study.

The Mind of a Researcher: Keith Curry Lance

In an interview, Keith Curry Lance, who works as an independent consultant and as part of the RSL Research Group, discusses the school library impact studies of ten states, for which he was the principal investigator and lead author; how school libraries and teacher-librarians can become more central to teaching and learning; his ideas that will help teacher-librarians link to a classroom teacher and the learning process in each school; information from outside his studies that teacher-librarians need to focus on; differences between modern teacher-librarians and yesterday's teacher-librarians; and the most important links between the teacher-librarian and the classroom and education today.

DO SCHOOL LIBRARIES REALLY MAKE A DIFFERENCE?

The author discusses the significance of school libraries in Australia. She believes that school libraries do provide a difference to the educational outcome of students, citing evidence from international and national research which indicates the difference school libraries make including to literary results, to inquiry based learnings, and to staff professional learning. The lack of up-to-date information of personnel in the departments overseeing the educational system is also mentioned.

The Power of High Quality School Library Programs

An overview of research demonstrating the effect of school libraries and teacher-librarians on student achievement is provided.

Factors that support the development of exemplary school library programs

This paper will examine a wide range of studies related to the factors that support the development of exemplary school library programs and then focus on the context for Ontario, Canada. In 2003, the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (as cited in IASL, 2008) reviewed research studies to answer the question "What effects do school libraries have on student achievement?" and they concluded that "school library characteristics may account for up to 8 percent of the variance in reading-related test scores" [emphasis added] (p. 1). Consequently, it is important to identify the characteristics that make a school library exemplary although they are not always indicative of student achievement and learning.

Librarian Required

The article discusses research by the Pennsylvania School Librarians Association (PSLA) with the education advocacy group Education Law Center (ELC) about the impact of school librarians on academic achievement, according to their report "Pennsylvania School Libraries Pay Off: Investments in Student Achievement and Academic Standards." Topics includes research about school library programs, their impact on minority students, as well as the impact of library programs on reading test scores.

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