Educational Role of the Library

Designing Libraries for Research Collaboration in the Network World: An Exploratory Study

Technology in higher education and research are causing libraries to reevaluate the services they offer. Librarians are moving into "higher end support" and adopting new service models. The design of an organization can determine whether it achieves its mission under particular conditions. The present study explores how libraries in 24 leading UK research universities are organizing resources and services to support the research enterprise. Qualitative data were collected from institutional websites and other public domain sources. The results show new functional roles complementing traditional subject liaisons. The findings confirm and extend prior work and are being used to design a large scale international survey.

The Role of Academic Libraries in Promoting Undergraduate Research: A Case Study of the University of California, Berkeley

Undergraduate research attracts attention in higher education. The study looks at academic libraries in undergraduate research, focusing on 12 courses for library services. There are research assignments incorporated into undergraduate courses to develop students' research skills. Librarians are committed to designing assignments for most of the 12 courses. Faculty members and librarians collaborate to design library research assignments. Undergraduate students are supported in various ways such as library sessions while doing assignments. Graduate student instructors taking charge of small discussion groups and laboratory sessions are supported by librarians. The library is strengthened through its commitment to the project, and playing a key role in reforming undergraduate education. The results of this study indicate that academic libraries have an important role to play in improving students' research skills and information literacy when undergraduate research is promoted for reforming higher education.

“I Hate To Write!”—The Critical Importance of Writing Gateways... And the Librarian's Role in Opening Them

The writer discusses the importance of getting students through “writing gateways” and the role of the librarian in helping students to become more effective writers. He explains the importance of sustaining a students' natural creative spark and enthusiasm to communicate effectively while writing proficiently. He lists eight essential elements of story architecture from his research on the human brain and provides suggestions on steps a school librarian can take to help students through writing gateways.


The article offers news briefs related to teacher librarians in East Asia including the 2nd World Chinese Teacher-Librarian Forum in Taiwan which focuses on learning school library, selection of new committee members in Hong Kong Teacher Librarians' Association (HKTLA) during the annual general meeting (AGM), and research which centers on curriculum development on library service and teacher librarians in Hong Kong secondary school.

Digital Natives, 21st Century School Libraries, and 21st Century Preparation Programs: An Informal Affirmation of Branch and deGroot

The presentations from the 2011 IASL conference theme School Libraries: Empowering the 21st Century Learner offered much to think about for graduate programs preparing future teacher librarians. Research indicates that school librarians are not actively integrating Web 2.0 tools into their programs, but students are regularly using these tools outside of school for accessing and sharing information. Professional preparation programs must help future librarians master these tools so they can be school leaders on the Web 2.0 technology frontier. This paper discusses issues related to Web 2.0 integration in online graduate programs in school librarianship and offers examples of Web 2.0 activities that can be used in graduate courses.

School Librarians as Technology Integration Leaders: Enablers and Barriers to Leadership Enactment

The highly technological environment of 21st-century schools has significantly redefined the role of school librarians by presenting the opportunity to assume leadership through technology integration. Despite the abundance of literature that has suggested the need for and the importance of school librarians to be a proactive leaders in technology integration, this role is one that has been ignored in the research arena and left undefined for school administrators, teachers, and the school librarians themselves, leading to uncertainty concerning how school librarians enact this role in practice. This research, based on distributed-leadership theory, investigates current practice of accomplished school librarians to identify what factors are enabling some to thrive as technology integration leaders and what factors are hindering others. This report of the results includes the initial identification and categorization of the enablers and barriers experienced by school librarians in enacting a leadership role in technology integration, a discussion of implications for the profession, and areas of future research.

School Librarians, Science Teachers, + Optimal Learning Environments

The writer argues that school librarians and science teachers share common ground in providing environments that facilitate student learning. She focuses on research showing that science classrooms and school libraries can be assessed along common dimensions, describes the learning evaluation tool used in the study, and illustrates the application of the tool's climate scales in school library settings.

Research consistent: students perform better with an endorsed librarian

The research on school librarians and their association with students’ test scores is remarkably consistent in its findings: regardless of how rich or poor a community is, students tend to perform better on reading tests where, and when, their library programs are in the hands of endorsed librarians. Furthermore, at schools where library programs gain or maintain an endorsed librarian when school budgets get tight, students tend to excel. At schools where library programs lose or never had an endorsed librarian, students suffer as a result.

Association of librarians with higher reading scores cannot be explained away by economic conditions

As in earlier state-level school library impact studies and the SLJ national study, the association of endorsed librarians with higher reading scores cannot be explained away by local economic conditions.

Librarians positively correlate with reading scores with poverty as control variable

In this instance, both endorsed and non-endorsed librarians were positively correlated with advanced CSAP reading scores and negatively correlated with unsatisfactory scores. In other words, with poverty utilized as a control variable, both endorsed and non-endorsed librarians had positive and statistically significant correlations with reading scores. Notably, however, these relationships are stronger for endorsed librarians than non-endorsed ones. What did not change was the lack of relationship between non-endorsed library assistants working without a librarian and reading scores. Apparently, library assistants working without supervision do not have any impact on reading scores, either advanced or unsatisfactory.


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