Higher reading scores for elementary schools whose school libraries:

Fourth grade reading scores tend to be higher for Michigan elementary schools whose school libraries report:

  • higher numbers and weekly hours of total library staff and librarians in particular;
  • being open more hours per week;
  • library staff spending more time on motivating readers, developing collections, meeting with other librarians, teaching information literacy skills, and planning with teachers;
  • larger collections of print volumes and video materials and, to a lesser extent, audio materials and software packages;
  • more availability of computers—both in the library and throughout the school—that provide links to Access Michigan, library catalogs and licensed databases, and the Internet and the World Wide Web;
  • more group visits, more individual and group visits for information literacy instruction, and higher circulation per week; and
  • spending more on library operations.