Long description 2014 Challenged Books Infographic

2014 Challenged Books Infographic

Out of 311 challenges recorded by the American Library Association's Office for Intellectual Freedom (OIF), the “Top Ten Most Challenged Books in 2014” are:

  1. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, by Sherman Alexie
    Reasons: Anti-family, cultural insensitivity, drugs/alcohol/smoking, gambling, offensive language, sex education, sexually explicit, unsuited for age group, violence. Additional reasons: “depictions of bullying.”
  2. Persepolis, by Marjane Satrapi
    Reasons: Gambling, offensive language, political viewpoint. Additional reasons: “politically, racially, and socially offensive,” “graphic depictions.”
  3. And Tango Makes Three, Justin Richardson and Peter Parnell
    Reasons: Anti-family, homosexuality, political viewpoint, religious viewpoint, unsuited for age group. Additional reasons: “promotes the homosexual agenda.”
  4. The Bluest Eye, by Toni Morrison
    Reasons: Sexually explicit, unsuited for age group. Additional reasons: “contains controversial issues.”
  5. It’s Perfectly Normal, by Robie Harris
    Reasons: Nudity, sex education, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group. Additional reasons: “alleges it [to be] child pornography.”
  6. Saga, by Brian K. Vaughan and Fiona Staples
    Reasons: Anti-Family, nudity, offensive language, sexually explicit, and unsuited for age group.
  7. The Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini
    Reasons: Offensive language, unsuited to age group, violence.
  8. The Perks of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky
    Reasons: drugs/alcohol/smoking, homosexuality, offensive language, sexually explicit, unsuited for age group. Additional reasons: “date rape and masturbation.”
  9. A Stolen Life: A Memoir, Jaycee Dugard
    Reasons: Drugs/alcohol/smoking, offensive language, sexually explicit, and unsuited for age group.
  10. Drama, by Raina Telgemeier
    Reasons: Sexually explicit.

Understanding Book Challenges

Challenges by Institution 2014:

Public Library 38%, School Library 11%, School 36%, Other 15%

Challenges by Initiator:

  • Board Member 1%
  • Librarian 1%
  • Religious organization 1%
  • Politician or Elected Official 1%
  • Clergy 2%
  • Pressure group 2%
  • Government Body 4%
  • Administrator 6%
  • Patron 23%
  • Parent 35%
  • Other 10%

Reasons for Challenges 2014:

  • Abortion 1%
  • Anti-Ethnic 1%
  • Inaccurate 1%
  • Sexism 1%
  • Gangs 2%
  • Occult Satanism 2%
  • Political Viewpoint 2%
  • Racism 2%
  • Sex Education 2%
  • Suicide 2%
  • Cultural Insensitivity 3%
  • Drugs, Alcohol, Smoking 5%
  • Anti-Family 6%
  • Homosexuality 6%
  • Nudity  10%
  • Offensive Language 23%
  • Other Offensive Item 12%
  • Religious Viewpoint  10%
  • Violence 14%
  • Unsuited For Age Group 21%
  • Sexually Explicit 34%

Note: Most challenges include more than one reason.

Diverse Content in Top Ten Challenged Books 2005-2014:

  • 2014: 8 of 10
  • 2013: 5 of 10
  • 2012: 5 of 10
  • 2011: 4 of 10
  • 2010: 5 of 10
  • 2009: 4 of 10
  • 2008: 5 of 10
  • 2007: 6 of 10
  • 2006: 5 of 10
  • 2005: 4 of 10

Definition for diverse content from the work of Lalinda Lo: non-white main and/or secondary characters; LGBT main and/or secondary characters; disabled main and/or secondary characters; LGBT issues; issues about religion which encompass in this situation the Holocaust and terrorism; issues about disability and/or mental illness; non-Western settings, in which the West is North America and Europe.

References:

Statistics on challenged books compiled by the American Library Association's Office for Intellectual Freedom.
Definition for diverse content: Lo, Malinda. “Book Challenges Suppress Diversity.” Diversity in YA, September 18, 2014.
http://www.diversityinya.com/2014/09/book-challenges-suppress-diversity/
 

American Library Association State of America's Libraries Report 2015.

Learn more about the state of America's libraries at: http://ala.org/americas-libraries

Learn more about banned and challenged books at: http://ala.org/bbooks