(no abstract available)
The results of a study carried out under the auspices of the Council on Library Resources are described. The stated goal of this study was to determine and analyze the current state of planning and implementation for computer-generated replacements for the card catalog (book catalog, micro-image catalog, on-line catalog) for large collections (250,000 titles or more) and selected smaller libraries (less than 250,000 titles) that had actually implemented an alternative form of catalog.
The extreme flexibility of the MARC format coupled with the simplicity of a batch-oriented processing system centered around a sequential master file has enabled the University of California, Berkeley, library to gradually build an unusually large serials data base in support of both technical and public services. That file has been used successfully both as the basis for an accounting system for serial expenditures and to provide increased bibliographic access to the library's collection of serials.
The production of a COM catalog using OCLC records on magnetic tape is outlined. Standards developed within the library community as represented in the MARC format have made this catalog possible. A brief overview of the procedures involved and of the catalog is presented.
In 1897, as a special service to the blind, the Library of Congress established
a small reading room stocked with approximately 500 books and music items
in raised type. In 1974, a comprehensive internal study was begun by the
Library of Congress Division for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (DBPH)
in preparation for the automation of a library program that circulated approximately
12 million tapes, records, machines, and brailled books in that year. This
paper is a description of a three-year plan and a system study designed
to produce a computerized union catalog and an in-process file for both
DBPH and a network of almost 200 libraries throughout the nation.