Technology and library users, an ongoing discussion
Technology experts who are members of the Library and Information Technology Association (LITA), a division of the American Library Association, met for a managed discussion in New Orleans on June 27, 1999.
The LITA experts agree that the following issues are worth keeping an eye on:
- ISSUE 1: Privacy and Electronic Confidentiality
- ISSUE 2: Search Engines and Research
- ISSUE 3: Preservation of New Media Formats
Access to Electronic Information, Services, and Networks: An Interpretation of the Library Bill of Rights
This is an official American Library Association document that provides the basis for the library approach to this issue, but no specifics, since this issue is comparatively new in this particular incarnation.
http://www.eff.org/privacypaper/ Architecture is Policy Case Study: Cooperative development as a means for a standards-based Implementation for Privacy on the Internet.
"Outlines the process by which business, non-profit organizations, advocacy groups and a technical standards body approached the problem of creating a simple solution to the problem of posting privacy policies on the Internet, in a way that would be:
1.widely available and open to all interested parties;
2.low-cost and easy to implement;
3.capable of scaling with the Internet and new regulatory concerns."
http://www.privacyrights.org/emporor.htm The Emperor's New Clothes: Privacy on the Internet in 1999.
http://www.ftc.gov/opa/1999/9907/report1999.htm "Self-Regulation and Privacy Online," FTC Report to Congress
Summarizes and links to 7/13/99 report surveying privacy protections by commercial organizations, how data is gathered, etc. Describes efforts of the Online Privacy Alliance, TRUSTe, BBBOnline, and others. Concludes that self-regulating efforts should be relied on for now.
http://www.cme.org/coppa.html Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998 Basic Rights of Children Under 13 and their Parents
"The Act, when the final rules are developed by the FTC, will require that commercial Web sites that collect personal information from children under 13 obtain prior parental consent before they collect that information. The Act only applies to Web sites (or portions thereof) directed to children or to Web sites who knowingly collect personal information from children under 13. The Act does not apply to nonprofits."
Organizationshttp://www.privacyrights.org/ Privacy Rights Clearinghouse
"The PRC offers consumers a unique opportunity to learn how to protect their personal privacy. Our publications provide in-depth information on a variety of informational privacy issues, as well as practical tips on safeguarding personal privacy." Great links to other privacy sites.
http://www.cme.org/ Center for Media Education
"The Center for Media Education (CME) is a national non-profit organization dedicated to improving the quality of the electronic media. CME fosters telecommunications policy making in the public interest through its research, advocacy, public education, and press activities." Has a great interest in children's privacy.
http://www.eff.org/ Electronic Frontier Foundation
"The Electronic Frontier Foundation has been established to help civilize the electronic frontier; to make it truly useful and beneficial not just to a technical elite, but to everyone; and to do this in a way which is in keeping with our society's highest traditions of the free and open flow of information and communication."
http://www.epic.org/ Electronic Privacy Information Center
Aims to "focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values."
Search Engines: Selected Resourceshttp://www.notess.com/search/ Search Engine Showdown: the Users' Guide to Web Searching
http://www.searchenginewatch.com/ Search Engine Watch: News, Tips, and More about Search Engines
http://www.researchbuzz.com/index.html ResearchBuzz: Great Internet News and Research Information
Northern Light to do the following search:
(evolving or changing or ephemeral or obsolete) and (archiving or preservation) and (media or formats or digital)
http://www.audiorevolution.com/articles/onlineaudio/index.html The Audio Revolution: Online Digital Audio
http://www.unik.no/~robert/hifi/dvd/ DVD Info
http://www.news.com/News/Item/0,4,37952,00.html?tag=st.cn.1fd2.newstkr.ne Behind Death of DIVX Were Angry Customers
http://www.ohms.com/bpn990620.shtml The BIG Picture Daily News Archives
Libraries and Preservation
http://www.bplib.org/sacfr/gfmr2.html Guidelines for Media Resources in Academic Libraries
http://lyra.rlg.org/ArchTF/tfadi.index.htm Preserving Digital Information: Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information
http://www.cinemedia.net/FOD/FOD0055.html Killing the Duck to Keep the Quack (Using the World Wide Web for digital preservation)
http://ukoln.ac.uk/services/elib/papers/other/preservation/ Long Term Preservation of Electronic Materials
http://media.macm.qc.ca/ica/ Digital Preservation: Recording the recoding, or archiving the links or linking the archives? Or access and excess
http://www.clir.org/cpa/abstract/pub77.html Avoiding Technological Quicksand: Finding a Viable Technical Foundation for Digital Preservation
(publication abstract) http://www.ifla.org/ifla/VI/4/news/17-98.htm#2 The Digital Dark Ages? Challenges In The Preservation Of Electronic Information
Past LITA President Barbra Higginbotham noted "Our 1999 LITA National Forum in Raleigh, North Carolina, to be held November 5-7, will include programming that expands on many of the trends these LITA leaders have identified, better equipping LITA members for the 21st century."