Information Technology and Libraries (ITAL) Volume 29, Number 2 June 2010

President’s Message (54) [PDF]
Michelle Frisque

Editorial (55-56) [PDF]
Marc Truitt

Editorial Board Thoughts (57) [PDF]
Andy Boze

Usability Studies of Faceted Browsing: A Literature Review (58-66) [PDF]
Jody Condit Fagan

Faceted browsing is a common feature of new library catalog interfaces. But to what extent does it improve user performance in searching within today’s library catalog systems? This article reviews the literature for user studies involving faceted browsing and user studies of “next-generation” library catalogs that incorporate faceted browsing. Both the results and the methods of these studies are analyzed by asking, What do we currently know about faceted browsing? How can we design better studies of faceted browsing in library catalogs? The article proposes methodological considerations for practicing librarians and provides examples of goals, tasks, and measurements for user studies of faceted browsing inlibrary catalogs.

Reducing Psychological Resistance to Digital Repositories (67-75) [PDF]
Brian Quinn

The potential value of digital repositories is dependent on the cooperation of scholars to deposit their work. Although many researchers have been resistant to submitting their work, the literature on digital repositories contains very little research on the psychology of resistance. This article looks at the psychological literature on resistance and explores what its implications might be for reducing the resistance of scholars to submitting their work to digital repositories. Psychologists have devised many potentially useful strategies for reducing resistance that might be used to address the problem; this article examines these strategies and how they might be applied.

Web Services and Widgets for Library Information Systems (76-86) [PDF]
Godmar Back and Annette Bailey

As more libraries integrate information from web services to enhance their online public displays, techniques that facilitate this integration are needed. This paper presents a technique for such integration that is based on HTML widgets. We discuss three example systems (Google Book Classes, Tictoclookup, and MAJAX) that implement this technique. These systems can be easily adapted withoutrequiring programming experience or expensive hosting.

TUTORIAL

On the Clouds: A New Way of Computing (87-92) [PDF]
Yan Han

This article introduces cloud computing and discusses the author’s experience “on the clouds.” The author reviews cloud computing services and providers, then presents his experience of running multiple systems (e.g., integrated library systems, content management systems, and repository software). He evaluates costs, discusses advantages, and addresses some issues about cloud computing. Cloud computing fundamentally changes the ways institutions and companies manage their computing needs. Libraries can take advantage of cloud computing to start an IT project with low cost, to manage computing resources cost-effectively, and to explorenew computing possibilities.

From Our Readers

The New User Environment: The End of Technical Services? (93-100) [PDF]
Bradford Lee Eden

Index to Advertisers (100)