Information Technology and Libraries (ITAL) Volume 24, Number 4 December 2005

President's Column



Editorial: Information Technology Dissonance

JOHN WEBB, (156) [PDF]

Feature Articles

The Open Access Initiative: A New Paradigm for Scholarly Communications


This paper gives an account of the origin and development of the Open Access Initiative (OAI) and the digital technology that enables its existence. The researcher explains the crisis in scholarly communications and how open access (OA) can reform the present system. OA has evolved two systems for delivering research articles: OA archives or repositories and OA journals. They differ in that OA journals conduct peer review and OA archives do not. Discussion focuses on how these two delivery systems work, including such topics as OAI, local institutional repositories, Eprints self-archiving software, cross-archives searching, metadata harvesting, and the individuals who invented OA and organizations that support it.

Electronic Resources and Web Sites: Replacing a Back-end Database with Innovative’s Electronic Resource Management

LAURA TULL, (163-169) [PDF]

In the fall of 2002, Ohio State University along with the University of Washington, the University of Western Australia, Washington State University, and Glasgow University entered into a development partnership with Innovative Interfaces. The goal was to develop a module to manage electronic resources, integrated into Innovative’s Millennium library system. The product, Electronic Resource Management (ERM), became available in 2004 and is based on the work of the Digital Library Federation Electronic Resources Management Initiative. This article focuses on one aspect of ERM, the integration of the module with the Web OPAC, and describes how the Ohio State University Libraries replaced a back-end database with ERM to support lists of electronic resources on their Web site.

The Structure and Content of MARC 21 Records in the Unicode Environment

JOAN M. ALIPRAND, (170-179) [PDF]

MARC 21 records may be encoded in individual character sets (including ASCII and ANSEL) or in Unicode (as UTF-8). This paper considers the effect of the use of Unicode without any constraints on the structure and data content of MARC 21 records. The case of Model A records where Latin is the preferred script is examined in particular detail.

Voice Recognition Technology: Has It Come of Age?

JOSEPH R. ZUMALT, (180-185) [PDF]

Voice recognition software allows computer users to bypass their keyboards and use their voices to enter text. While the library literature is somewhat silent about voice recognition technology, the medical and legal communities have reported some success using it. Voice recognition software was tested for dictation accuracy and usability within an agriculture library at the University of Illinois. Dragon NaturallySpeaking 8.0 was found to be more accurate than speech recognition within Microsoft Office 2003. Helpful Web sites and a short history regarding this breakthrough technology are included.

Citations in Hypermedia: Implementation Issues


Internet sources are increasingly used in scholarly work at all levels, yet it is often difficult to collect the information needed to cite these sources properly. The author proposes a method by which bibliographic information embedded in electronic sources could be automatically extracted when needed and discusses existing standards that could be utilized to accomplish this and impediments to implementation.



From the Great Smokies to the Mountains of the Moon: U.S. and Ugandan Librarians Collaborate in a Digital World


Scholarship and learning are truly global endeavors, and rightly so given the challenges of the twenty-first century. Higher education is increasingly at the forefront of these endeavors, pursuing international initiatives in support of teaching, research, and learning. Academic libraries throughout the world embrace this imperative for international understanding in today’s turbulent environment. The University of Tennessee Libraries acted on the imperative through a very personal and direct collaboration with the Makerere University Libraries in Kampala, Uganda. This article describes how two different universities, seemingly worlds apart, forged an enduring, exceptional, and mutually beneficial partnership through a focus on information technology.

Use of GIS for Presentation of the Map and Pictorial Collection of the National and University Library of Slovenia


The Map and Pictorial Collection of the National and University Library of Slovenia encompasses map and pictorial documents that are part of the national collection. New technologies such as geographic information systems (GIS) provide a novel way to display, access, and research the valuable, interdisciplinary holdings of an institution. This paper discusses a pilot, Web-based application that explores the possibilities of GIS by creating a virtual collection of diverse materials. Spatial data are the basis for this digital archive on which other pictorial elements, such as views and portrait images, are connected by hyperlinks.

Index to Volume 24

(201-204) [PDF]

Index to Advertisers