Information Technology and Libraries (ITAL) Volume 23, Number 2 June 2004

Feature Articles

Issues in URL Management for Digital Collections

LAURA COHEN, (42-49) [PDF]

As library holdings evolve from print-based to hybrid collections that also encompass networked digital materials on the Web, uniform resource locator (URL) management has become a defining feature of the access to library resources. This article enumerates issues in the management of URLs pointing to local and remote resources in the digital collection, focusing on those URLs created and maintained by librarians.

A Library’s Integrated Online Library System: Assessment and New Hardware Implementation


For more than a decade, a consortium of academic libraries in southern Nevada has shared a central integrated online library system (IOLS), Innovative Interfaces’ Innopac (Innovative when referring to the vendor, Innopac when referring to the software). At present, this consortium includes the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) (both the main university library system and the UNLV law library), the Community College of Southern Nevada, Nevada State College, and the Desert Research Institute. The last central-site server was purchased and installed in 1997. In the four intervening years, tremendous growth occurred with the system, necessitating a hardware upgrade. Prior to committing to a fiscally significant hardware upgrade, library management felt it prudent to conduct an analysis of the library-system-vendor marketplace in general, to validate the consortium’s continued commitment to the existing vendor. This article discusses background assessment work and the subsequent planning and installation of the consortium’s new central-site hardware.

The Effect of Search Engine Keyword Choice and Demographic Features on Internet Searching Success


The objective of this project was to determine the effect of keyword choice and demographic features on Internet searching success through empirical research. An experiment was done with 1,109 learners, spread across forty-six institutes of higher education on three continents. A variety of relationships were then inspected: that between the number of keywords used, age, race, and gender, and the searching-success rate. The results proved that the first three of these have measurable effects on searching success, while gender has only a marginal effect.



Competition, Technology, and Planning: Preparing for Tomorrow’s Library Environment

ERIC FLOWER, (57-69)

Librarians generally are not used to thinking in terms of competitive environments, yet we live in them all the same. The late twentieth-century standard business model for analyzing competitive forces faced by firms was presented by Porter in Com­petitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors. If we change the word firms to libraries, we may have the beginnings of a model that will help library planning.

Digital Music Project at Winona State University Library


In 2001 Winona State University Library (WSUL) began a digital music project to enhance access for students and faculty to the music CDs held at the library. This article examines other digital music models and details the steps in cataloging and processing the CDs.

A Conceptual Framework for Gateways


The complexity of today’s information environment is resulting in the creation of unified front ends to library resources called gateways. A gateway consists of a set of interrelated tools that enables library users to identify and locate materials relevant to their study and research. The tools are presented in a common structure or framework that facilitates the rapid identification of and navigation to the material. A gateway may include the catalog, supplemental databases to online resources, tools that link citation databases with online content, real time assistance, and help or user guidance components.

Index Maps for the Digital Age


Bibliographic tools providing access to map sets typically lag behind those created for other library resources. In order to improve access to information about map sets, an online index maps project was completed. The online index map provides a geographic representation of the library’s holdings of a particular set, allowing users to more easily identify the sheet of interest. In addition, the map links users directly to the appropriate catalog record, thereby providing call number and availability information. Background information, the decision-making process utilized to carry out this project, and lessons learned are described.

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Book Reviews

Tom Zillner reviews Spidering Hacks: One Hundred Industrial Strength Tips and Tools by Kevin Hemenway and Tara Calishain, (89-91) [PDF]