April 2011 Article Abstracts
Serials Literature Review 2008–9: Embracing a Culture of Openness
The serials literature from 2008 and 2009 reveals the new identity of the serials professional—one who embraces openness. Many forces have pushed the serials profession into a state of flux; among these are the recent economic recession, the evolution of scholarly publishing, and the concept of open systems and data. Chaotic change for serialists has evolved into opportunities to revise collection strategies, approach Big Deal purchasing in new ways, devise creative user-access solutions, and become stakeholders in the debates over scholarly communication. The literature also reveals serials professionals developing a Web 2.0 sensibility. These themes are presented in the review through a discussion of six major topics: sustainability of serials pricing, the future of the Big Deal, manage-ment of electronic resources, access, blurring and decline of formats, and Web 2.0.
Seeing Versus Saving: Recommendations for Calculating Research Use-Lighting for Library Special Collections
Lauren Anne Horelick, Ellen Pearlstein, and Holly Rose Larson
The research presented in this paper describes the measurement of light and ultraviolet energy within a special collections facility, with the goal of evaluating whether levels recommended for museums and archival collections are being exceeded during research usage. An Elsec 764 hand-held light meter was used to record the light intensity falling on collection material held within and without V-shaped book mounts and with sequential lights turned on, as occurs in collections’ use. The authors developed a simple algebraic formula to calculate cumulative doses of light and incident ultraviolet radiation to determine how many hours collection material could be accessed and illuminated before damage could be expected. The authors calculated the maximum cumulative doses possible based on numbers of access hours and compared these to recommended doses for sensitive media as a monitoring strategy for the long-term preservation of light sensitive special collection materials. The results from this study suggest that the light levels evaluated are not in excess of recommended values and that the use of book mounts reduces the amount of light falling on collection material. Monitoring actions are recommended for institutions wishing to replicate the study.
HathiTrust: A Research Library at Web Scale
Research libraries have a mission to build collections that will meet the research needs of their user communities over time, to curate these collections to ensure perpetual access, and to facilitate intellectual and physical access to these collections as effectively as possi-ble. Recent mass digitization projects as well as financial pressures and limited space to store print collections have created a new environment and new challenges for large research libraries. This paper will describe one approach to these challenges: HathiTrust, a shared digital repository owned and operated by a partnership of more than forty major libraries.
Notes on Operations
Digital Curation Planning at Michigan State University
Lisa Schmidt, Cynthia Ghering, and Shawn Nicholson
Recognizing the need for guiding the management and preservation of Michigan State University’s digital assets, a team led by uni-versity archivists and librarians conducted a digital curation planning project to explore and evaluate existing digital content and curation practices. The team used data gathered in this study to identify next steps in digital curation planning, including the rec-ommendation to collaborate with other universities to develop solutions. While the findings were specific to Michigan State University, the process of assessing practices and identifying needs may be replicated elsewhere.