January 2011 Article Abstracts
The Commitment to Securing Perpetual Journal Access: A Survey of Academic Research Libraries
By Patrick L. Carr
Current and emerging trends raise questions about the extent to which academic research libraries should continue to seek perpetual access provisions for journal acquisitions. To describe the questions being raised, this paper begins by framing perpetual access commitments within the contexts of the past, present, and future. The paper then assesses current views and practices by describing and analyzing the results of a survey of librarians. The results show that, while the respondents’ libraries generally espouse strong commitments to perpetual access, a combination of factors is leading many libraries to take actions that weaken perpetual access provisions.
An Integrated Approach to Metadata Inteoperability: Construction of a Conceptual Structure between MARC and FRBR
By Seungmin Lee and Elin K. Jacob
Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) is currently the most broadly used bibliographic standard for encoding and exchanging bibliographic data. However, MARC may not fully support representation of the dynamic nature and semantics of digital resources because of its rigid and single-layered linear structure. The Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) model, which is designed to overcome the problems of MARC, does not provide sufficient data elements and adopts a predetermined hierarchy. A flexible structure for bibliographic data with detailed data elements is needed. Integrating MARC format with the hierarchical structure of FRBR is one approach to meet this need. The purpose of this research is to propose an approach that can facilitate interoperability between MARC and FRBR by providing a conceptual structure that can function as a mediator between MARC data elements and FRBR attributes.
NOTES ON OPERATIONS
Repurposing MARC Metadata for an Institutional Repository: Working with Special Collections and University Press Monographs
By Maureen P. Walsh
This paper describes the processes and workflows that transform Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) records found in The Ohio States University’s library catalog into Dublin Core (DC) records for digital resources batch loaded into the Knowledge Bank, The Ohio State University’s institutional repository. Two projects are described to illustrate the processes and workflows: the open-access monographs of The Ohio State University Press and the oral history collections of The Ohio State University Byrd Polar Research Center Archival Program.
Creating an Un-Library Catalog: A Case Study in Managing Satellite Collections
By Gwen Evans and Kellie Tilton
Over time, the University Libraries at Bowling Green State University incorporated several departmental or satellite collections into the catalog, only to expunge them later at the request of either the department or the library administration. To avoid past problems, the library took a new approach to a request to catalog a collection of VHS cassettes and DVDs for the Dr. Ralph H. Wolfe Viewing Center. This paper describes how the authors used a lightweight content management system to create a video catalog database that the Viewing Center’s staff could easily update and manage. The solution presented here might be useful for other libraries facing similar requests.