Annual Conference Reports

Liaisons and Representatives Report on Activities in Anaheim

The following reports were submitted by groups outside of ALCTS with whom we have formal liaisons.

Committee on Professional Ethics

Rebecca Routh, University of Iowa

70th Anniversary of the Code of Ethics

COPE is preparing a major celebration of the 70th anniversary of the ALA Code of Ethics to take place at the 2009 ALA Annual Conference in Chicago. Nancy Zimmerman, COPE President, is working with the Membership Committee to ensure that the Code of Ethics will once again be displayed on the back of the ALA membership card. COPE’s proposed revision to the Code was adopted in January by the ALA Council. Prior to revision, article IV of the Code expressed respect for intellectual property rights, whereas the revised article emphasizes a need for balance between the interests of information users and rights holders.

Q&A on Enforcement of the Code

As feedback was being gathered on needed revisions to the Code of Ethics, the question of enforcement was raised repeatedly, demanding clarification as to whether the Code would be enforced, and if not, what purpose it serves. As a non-licensing professional society, ALA does not enforce its Code of Ethics, but encourages libraries to adopt it as a local policy. COPE is drafting a Q&A document regarding enforcement of the Code which will be available on the COPE website once completed.

Ethics in Education

COPE noted with satisfaction that the draft of ALA Core Competencies of Librarians released by the Library Education Task Force references ethics, values, democratic principles, intellectual freedom and diversity of thought under its first section of competencies, Foundations of the Profession.

COPE Programs at 2008 ALA - Anaheim

  • “Politics of Difference: Cultural Sensitivities and Global Ethics for Libraries and Librarians”, Saturday, June 28, 1:30-3:30, Room 204A, Convention Center
  • Joint Youth IFC program: “Ethics in the Age of Web 2.0”, Sunday, June 29, 1:30-3:30, Disneyland Hotel, Adventure Room

Freedom to Read Foundation

Kay Ann Cassell, Rutgers University

Defending the Right to Read and the Right to View

This spring, the FTRF (Freedom to Read Foundation) filed two new lawsuits to defend our right to freely access, read and purchase books without fear of government interference. The first, Big Hat Books versus Prosecutors, challenges a new Indiana law requiring anyone selling “harmful to minors” materials as defined by Indiana statute to register with the state as an “adult business,” provide a description of the material, and pay a $250 registration fee. The second new lawsuit, Powell’s Books, Inc. versus Hardy Myers, challenges a new Oregon law that criminalizes the dissemination of sexually explicit material to anyone under the age of thirteen or the dissemination to anyone under the age of eighteen of any material with the intent to sexually arouse the recipient or the provider.

FTRF is also concerned about increasing attempts to criminalize speech that markets or promotes materials protected by the First Amendment. For this reason, FTFR filed an amicus curiae brief along with ABFFE, AAP, CBLDF and Publishers Marketing Association, the independent book publishers’ association, in U.S. versus Williams, a challenge to a federal statute criminalizing the act of advertising, promoting, presenting, distributing or soliciting material in a manner that reflects the belief, or is intended to cause another to believe, that the material is illegal child pornography. The FTRF’s brief discussed the constitutional issues raised by efforts to criminalize the marketing of First Amendment-protected material which might affect materials marketed or sold by members of the amici groups.

The FTRF continues to monitor other lawsuits. Of importance to libraries is the Sarah Bradburn et al. versus North Central Regional Library District which is a challenge to a library’s policy of refusing to honor adults’ requests to temporarily disable Internet filters for research and reading. This case has been referred to the Washington State Supreme Court after the federal district court certified several questions of state law to that court.

Defending Privacy and Civil Liberties

The Foundation believes the right to privacy and freedom from unwarranted and unjustified government surveillance is fundamental to the exercise of our First Amendment rights. It has joined in several actions both to establish and to defend the right of informational privacy. Among these is New Jersey versus Reid, an appeal to the New Jersey Supreme Court urging it to uphold a state appellate court ruling that the New Jersey state constitution confers a privacy interest in an individual’s Internet Service Provider (ISP) registration and account information. It further asserts that this privacy interest requires a police officer to secure a valid subpoena in order to obtain an individual’s personally identifiable information from an ISP. The New Jersey Supreme Court upheld the court of appeals’ decision ruling that there is a reasonable expectation of privacy for anonymous internet use.

Identifying Issues, Planning for the Future

The Foundation hopes to assist the library community by identifying nascent intellectual freedom issues and suggesting strategies for addressing those issues before they become the subject of litigation. The Board is looking at several hot topics including the use of library meeting rooms by religious organizations and partisan community groups, the removal of content or links from publisher databases, and from organizational websites because of objections raised about the nature of the materials and the risks to privacy posed by the introduction of biometric technologies in libraries and the expanding use of video surveillance cameras in libraries.

40th Anniversary Celebration

In 2009, FTRF will mark its 40th year of service as the First Amendment legal defense arm of the American Library Association. A special observance is being planned for the 2009 Annual Conference to celebrate FTRF’s achievements.

Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA

John Attig, ALA Representative, JSC for Development of RDA

RDA development is coming to an end. The action is moving from RDA development to RDA implementation.

The JSC met in April for eight days. The general directions taken at previous meetings were confirmed. Much of the meeting was spent making decisions on details based primarily on the constituency comments. A few important decisions included:

  • Confirmation of the structure of RDA proposed at the October 2007 meeting; JSC also confirmed that an important aspect of this — and of FRBR — is the role of the user tasks as an organizing and evaluative principle. The order of sections in RDA mirrors the user tasks; it also mirrors the sequence in which a cataloger is expected to create the components of a resource description, beginning with the identification the manifestation.
  • Core elements: The JSC replaced the concept of required/optional elements with a set of recommended core elements. Decisions about what will constitute the core element set will be made in July. The rationale will be based on our assessment of the elements needed to fulfill the most important user tasks.
  • The JSC decided to invest some effort in developing Workflows; this is a feature of RDA online that allows a user to create a document that guides the cataloger step by step through the process of creating a description, with links to the appropriate RDA instructions. At least one sample workflow is being developed by LC to be included with the full draft of RDA; additional workflows will be created to be included in the first release of the RDA Online product; individual users and organizations (such as the PCC) will be able to create their own workflows. We feel that this feature will help catalogers to find their way through the complexity of the instructions in RDA.

Future plans for RDA development:

  • The CoP confirmed that the schedule for RDA content and product development must be adhered to. RDA has reached the point where a good product can be achieved within the schedule, even if everyone is not happy with all the decisions that will have to be made. It is important to release the product on schedule, so that it can be tested and modified based on the results of that testing.
  • The plan agreed upon by the CoP and the JSC is that the full draft of RDA will be completed for release in early October in an early version of the RDA Online product. This will allow a limited public review of the entire RDA within an online environment. Comments on the draft will be limited to internal consistency among parts of RDA and a few pieces that have never been seen before. This limited review gives the JSC some chance of completing their decision-making within the time available before turning the completed text over to the publishers in April 2009.

Implementation activities:

  • Proposals for encoding RDA within MARC 21: being discussed at ALA Annual Conference; some decisions will have to wait until after this meeting.
  • The three United States national libraries have agreed to coordinate testing and implementation of RDA.
  • ALCTS RDA Implementation Task Force: sponsoring RDA update (reports, demo of RDA Online) and a program on preparing for RDA at Annual Conference; planning further programming for 2009 Annual Conference.

Legislative Assembly

Duncan Stewart, ALCTS Representative to ALA Legislative Assembly

As ALCTS representative to ALA’s Legislative Assembly, I attended the Washington Office sponsored discussion on libraries and the delivery of government e-services. The need for libraries to improve access to government electronic information, how this might be done, and resolutions calling on the federal government to partner with libraries and support them financially to better deliver e-services were discussed.

Following this discussion ALA Legislative Assembly and Committee on Legislation held their traditional joint meeting. Procedural questions, including proposed changes in ALA conference meeting schedules, new language in the Intellectual Freedom Manual, and guidelines for preparing resolutions to go to ALA Council were dealt with first.

The staff of the Washington Office gave their preview of the Saturday Washington Update. They covered FY2009 appropriations, copyright, e-government, access to government information, telecom and Internet, LSTA, and the closing of federal libraries. The web version of this briefing is available online. http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/washevents/woannual/annualconfwo.cfm#hand

ALCTS had proposed a resolution asking the Congress to provide more money for Library of Congress cataloging, but there was initial reluctance from the Washington Office to support such a specific request for funding. I alerted the ALCTS Board of Directors to this during my brief report to them on my activities as ALCTS Representative to Legislative Assembly.

NISO Liaison Report

Cindy Hepfer, ALA Voting Representative to NISO

Activities at ALA in Anaheim

At ALA in Anaheim, I met with and reported to the ALCTS Committee on Cataloging: Description and Access (CC:DA). It was decided that since I am providing information about NISO and ISO activities and standards to ALA and ALCTS in a variety of ways, that semi-annual meetings with CC:DA at conference will not be required. A short (one page) written report would be welcome, and should standards of interest to CC:DA be under consideration, an in-person report at that time would be welcome.

NISO website

An extensively redesigned NISO website was unveiled in April, 2008. NISO Newsline said of it: “With the support of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the new site offers not only a fresh new public face for our community, but also provides, behind the front pages, a set of powerful and flexible tools for managing the work of the organization and the technical working groups. Although it will take some time and training to get used to the new back-end tools (NISO will be offering member training later this month), the new site will provide tremendous enhancements to our operations and improve our efficiency.”

The new website can be found at: http://www.niso.org/home. While a number of sections of the site are not yet completed, it is clear that what will ultimately be available will be quite useful to those interested in or involved in creating and using US and ISO standards.

A blog is included on the website and may be of interest to ALA members.

The voting members’ area of the new website is extremely helpful. Ballot title, description, and voting options; an area for voting members to comment; a link to the standard documentation; voting statistics; votes by company/voter name; and comments received are all included. An e-mail message indicating the results of each ballot is also sent to the voting members.

NISO Educational Events

Recent/current NISO educational events and programs include the following:

NISO Digital Preservation Forum: Planning Today for Tomorrow's Resources

Held in Washington, D.C., March 14, 2008

Next Generation Discovery Tools: New Tools, Aging Standards

Held in Chapel Hill, March 27-28, 2008

Digital Resources: Working with Formats Beyond Serials

Held in San Francisco, May 5-6, 2008

Bridging the Gap Between Publishers and Libraries: Standards to Help Manage Licenses and Use

NISO/BISG Program at BookExpo America in Los Angeles, May 31, 2008

Metadata in a Digital Age: New Models of Creation, Discovery, and Use

NISO One-Day Pre-Conference at NASIG in Phoenix, June 4, 2008

Demystifying Library Standards

NISO/ALCTS Webinar, June 18, 2008, 1:00 - 2:30 p.m. (eastern)

NISO and the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS) plan to develop a series of webinars on standards in the library environment. The first of the series, Demystifying Library Standards -- which took place from 1:00 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, June 18, 2008 -- focused on placing standards in context. Presenters were Trisha Davis (Ohio State University), Julia Gammon (University of Akron), Karen Wetzel (NISO), and Pamela Bluh, (University of Maryland Law School) who was at the time the current ALCTS President.

The speakers addressed why standards are important to libraries broadly, not just in the traditional technical services areas. As libraries are changing and evolving in an increasingly digital world, so are standards. The webinar explained how standards are critical to the developments in such areas as e resources, user access, description and metadata, and licensing and preservation. Some specific standards, both published and forthcoming, were touched on as examples. Future ALCTS-NISO webinars will discuss those and other standards in more depth. Participants learned how they can become actively involved in standards development. The cost was $20 for NISO and ALCTS members and $25 for non-members.

About 115 people signed up for the NISO/ALCTS webinar, but those involved in it believe that at least twice that many watched. Pamela Bluh indicated to me that Trisha and Julie did a wonderful job with their presentations.

Still in the planning stages (dates to keep in mind!):

August 21: NISO Webinar: OpenURL (including KBART)

September 10: NISO Webinar: ONIX-PL

October 2: NISO Webinar: SUSHI

October 6-7: Resource Sharing Forum (planned for Boston, MA)

October 29: NISO Webinar: Identifiers

November 14: NISO One-Day Forum

December 11: NISO Webinar

NISO Publications

NISO Newsline: http://www.niso.org/publications/newsline/

Recommended practices: http://www.niso.org/publications/rp/

Technical reports: http://www.niso.org/publications/tr/

White papers: http://www.niso.org/publications/white_papers/

NISO press: http://www.niso.org/publications/press/

The journal Information Standards Quarterly is also available on the website to all NISO voting members and Library Standards Alliance members. Information on joining the Alliance can be found at http://www.niso.org/about/join/alliance/. The price is $995 per year for ARL members and $495 for other libraries. The membership includes 3 subscriptions to ISQ.

Communications

I continue to distribute the monthly NISO Newsline as well as notices about specific events and activities to the ALCTS leaders’ discussion list.

I am making good use of the NISO@ALA discussion list that Charles Wilt established for me late in 2007 to communicate effectively with chairs of a variety of ALA committees about NISO and ISO standards. A recent request from me for feedback regarding a proposed Working Group on Cost of Resource Exchange (CORE) actually elicited several comments from list members – the first real give-and-take that the list has seen.

Members of the niso@ala.org discussion list during 2007/2008 have been:

  • Becky S. Albitz (Chair, ALCTS Copyright Committee)
  • Jackie L. Case (Chair, LAMA/SASS Circulation/Access Services Committee)
  • Jennifer A. Cella (Chair, International Interlibrary Loan)
  • Trisha Davis (Member, NISO Education Committee and ALA member)
  • Katharine Treptow Farrell (Chair, ALCTS AS Technology Committee)
  • Cheri Folkner (Chair, ALCTS Committee on Cataloging: Description and Access, CC:DA)
  • Victoria Heiduschke (Chair, ALCTS PARS Books and Paper: Methods, Materials, and Standards)
  • Dottie R. Hiebing (Chair, Office for Information Technology Policy Advisory Committee)
  • Diane Hillmann (LITA Blog, Standards Watch)
  • Emily Holmes (Chair, ALCTS PARS Reformatting: Analog and Digital Committee)
  • Gary N. Johnson (Chair, RUSA Vendor Relations Committee)
  • Tara D. Kennedy (Chair, ALCTS PARS Recording and Photographic Media: Methods, Materials, and Standards)
  • Beatrice Nichols (Chair, LITA Technology and Access Committee)
  • Nancy Patterson (Chair, RUSA Interlibrary Loan)
  • William H. Ptacek (Chair, PLA Technology in Public Libraries)
  • Jacqueline Samples (Chair, ALCTS CRS Committee to Study Serials Standards)
  • Step Schmitt (Chair, Machine-Readable Bibliographic Information Committee, MARBI)
  • Merle J. Slyhoff (Chair, RUSA Codes, Guidelines, and Technical Standards Committee)
  • Charley Thurston (Chair, RUSA Standards and Guidelines Committee)
  • Joan Stein (Chair, RUSA Research and Statistics Committee)
  • Bonnie Tijerina (Chair, ALCTS CMDS Collection Assessment Committee)
  • Michelle R. Turvey (Chair, LAMA/SASS Technical Services Systems Committee)
  • Maurice York (Chair, LITA Top Technology Trends Committee)

Two individual ALA members asked to be included on the list and were added. I will be reviewing and changing members of the list as needed in late July.

Anyone who is interested in being added to the NISO@ALA list may contact Charles Wilt mailto:cwilt@ala.org or me mailto:hslcindy@buffalo.edu, but please confirm that you are a current ALA member. If you would like to keep up but do not wish to have e-mail pushed at you, announcements made on the NISO@ALA list can usually also be found on the LITA Blog at http://litablog.org/category/standards/. Dianne Hillman is responsible for the standards section of the LITA blog, and I thank her very much for carefully monitoring the niso@ala discussion list and posting appropriate information.

Standards Activity January 15-June 2008

A revision of NISO Z39.83, pt.1-2, the NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol is currently at Ballot. Information about the ballot follows below. Comments are due to me no later than Friday, July 28.

NISO Z39.83-200x, NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP)

This standard defines a protocol that is limited to the exchange of messages between and among computer-based applications to enable them to perform the functions necessary to lend and borrow items, to provide controlled access to electronic resources, and to facilitate co-operative management of these functions. Part 1 defines the protocol. Part 2 is a practical implementation structure for the protocol.

Ballot period: June 19, 2008 -- August 3, 2008

NISO Z39.83-1-200x, Part 1: Protocol

http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standards?step=2&gid=&project_key=2d46d4... and

NISO Z39.83-2-200x, Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standards?step=2&gid=&project_key=599708...

Additional reference materials:

Discussions about NCIP held at ALA Annual in Anaheim were:

RUSA/STARS session on ILL Data Collection, Definition & Analysis: Why Don't My Data Match What I Get from Various Systems?

Saturday, June 28, 2008, 1:30pm - 3:30 pm, Disneyland Hotel, Adventure Room

NISO Update

Sunday, June 29, 2008, 1:30 pm - 3:00 pm, Hilton Anaheim, Capistrano Room

I asked that ALA be included in the voting pools for the following relevant efforts.

Other active NISO working groups are:

ISO Standards

ISO NWI, Document management -- Guidelines for the creation of a metadata crosswalk

Summary: A generalized crosswalk is needed between the metadata schemas in common usage in document management applications. This document will provide document management participants with a method and a guideline on how to design, build, and implement a metadata crosswalk. The implementation of the crosswalk will not only include document management schemas but also other applications generating digital files.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes, with comments provided by Diane Hillman.

ISO/PDTR 26102 Information and documentation - Requirements for long term preservation of electronic records

Summary: Digital records have a number of fundamental differences from traditional records; hence need special treatment to preserve their integrity as records over time. Of immediate concern to all organisations is the ability to retain and preserve those digital records so that their authenticity, reliability, integrity and usability over time are not compromised. This Technical Report provides additional guidance to ISO 15489 specific to managing digital records for as long as they are required. It identifies and addresses the management issues within the limits of technological environments. This Technical Report relies on the concepts set out in ISO 15489 and needs to be applied in conjunction with that standard. This Technical Report is related to document based records, and not to records held in the form of databases.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/CD 28560-1, Information and documentation -- Data model for use of RFID in libraries -- Part 1: General requirements and data elements

Summary: Establishes an abstract model for the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags for library items. The model is appropriate for all types of libraries. The data model specifies general requirements and a set of data elements to meet the needs for: circulation of library items; acquisition of library items; inter-library loan processes; data requirements of publishers; printers and other suppliers of library items; and details of borrowers, including membership cards.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/CD 28560-2, Information and documentation -- RFID in libraries -- Part 2: Encoding based on ISO/IEC 15962

Summary: This part deals with the encoding rules based on ISO/IEC 15962 (RFID for item management -- Data protocol), which uses an object identifier structure to identify data elements. This enables the optional data elements defined in Part 1 to be selected or not, even to the extent that the RFID tags on different items in the same library may carry different data elements.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/CD 28560-3, Information and documentation -- RFID in libraries -- Part 3: Fixed length encoding

Summary: This part is applicable to RFID applications for libraries that use the RFID tags conforming to ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 1 (RFID for item management -- Part 3: Parameters for air interface communications at 13,56 MHz). This part defines a basic subset of data elements taken from the total set of data elements described in part 1. It is specified how to encode the basic set of data elements in a straightforward way in a basic block on the RFID tag.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/FDIS 9707, Information and documentation -- Statistics on the production and distribution of books, newspapers, periodicals and electronic publications

Summary: This standard aims at giving guidance to the international publishing community on the keeping of publishing statistics. This revision primarily focuses on integrating the economic and technological changes in the media sector, and especially in the publishing industry. The scope has been enlarged to cover statistics on the production of electronic publications.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/DIS 8459, Information and documentation - Bibliographic data element directory

Summary: This International Standard specifies and describes data elements required in the interchange of data between bibliographic systems. It describes, in the form of a directory, data elements used to support the processes of acquisition, resource description and cataloguing, searching, requesting loan or copy directly to an end user or inter-library. The focus of the standard is to provide common definitions for data elements that are exchanged in protocol messages between systems and is also intended as a foundation for new standards. By inheriting element names and definitions, new standards can be achieved in an efficient way that directly relates them with existing standards in the field. This is a revision and consolidation of the previous version issued in 5 parts between 1988 and 2002.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/CD 690, Information and documentation -- Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources

Summary: Provides guidance for establishing bibliographic references and citations to works that are primarily in Latin scripts. It applies to information resources such as monograph and serial publications, contributions within publications, patents, maps and similar cartographic materials, music, sound recordings, prints, photographs and other graphic works, and audiovisual material, regardless of the format (e.g. analogue or digital) in which such resources are issued. This revision combines the two parts of the previous standard.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/CD 27729, Information and documentation -- International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI)

Summary: Specifies the syntax, assignment and administration of a unique, international identifier for the public identity of parties involved in content creation, production, management and distribution. It aims to provide an efficient means of distinguishing between such public identities in the digital era so that their roles can be recognized accurately and the content with which they deal can be managed effectively. This work item was formerly referred to as the "International Standard Party Identifier (ISPI)".

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/DIS 10957, Information and documentation -- International standard music number (ISMN)

Summary: The International Standard Music Number (ISMN) was developed by and for the music publishing sector as a separate system to complement the International Standard Book Number (ISBN). The existence of the ISMN as a separate identifier system makes it possible to identify printed and notated music as a distinct category of publication within the global supply chain and to develop trade directories and similar services for the specialized market for music publications.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/CD 26324, Information and documentation -- Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Summary: Specifies the syntax, description and resolution functional components of the Digital Object Identifier (DOI®) system and the general principles for the creation, registration and administration of DOI names. A DOI name is permanently assigned to an object, to provide a persistent link to current information about that object, including where the object, or information about it, can be found on the internet.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO/DIS 16245, Information and documentation -- Boxes, file covers and other enclosures, made from cellulosic materials, for storage of paper and parchment documents

Summary: Boxes and file covers are available in several different materials. Those made of cellulosic materials are the most commonly used enclosures for long term storage of paper and parchment documents. Experience has shown that properties of the enclosure are of great importance to the protection, permanence and durability of the documents. This International Standard specifies a number of basic requirements relevant to environmental, technical and handling aspects to be applied to cellulose based enclosures.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

I also voted to approve a liaison of IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) with the ISO TC46 Committee. Since the IETF is located within the US, ANSI was asked to confirm its approval of this liaison, and ANSI asked the TC46 Technical Advisory Group (NISO) if it was in agreement with this liaison. Voting members were in turn given 10 days to respond.

ISO/FDIS 11620, Library Performance Indicators

Summary: This International Standard is concerned with the evaluation of libraries of all types. The main purpose of this International Standard is to endorse the use of performance indicators in libraries and to spread knowledge about how to conduct performance measurement.

My recommendation on behalf of ALA: Yes.

ISO 2108:2005 (ISBN) Systematic Review

Summary: This is a systematic review ballot of the published standard, ISO 2108:2005, Information and documentation -- International Standard Book Number (ISBN). ISO now requires the first systematic review of a standard to take place three years after publication; subsequent reviews will be every five years. This is an opportunity for you to provide feedback on the 13-digit ISBN. ALA's vote options are Confirm (as is), Revise/Amend, Withdraw, or Abstain (from the vote). Comments are required for all votes other than Confirm.

The final deadline for me to vote is Friday, Aug. 29, 2008. I am asking that ALA members respond to me at least one week in advanced of this final deadline.

ISO/DIS 28500, WARC file format

This is a new standard at the Draft International Standard (DIS) stage, and this may be the last chance to provide substantive comments to this standard. If all member bodies vote Yes, this standard can proceed directly to publication. ALA's vote options are Yes, No, or Abstain.

Summary: The WARC (Web ARChive) file format offers a convention for concatenating multiple resource records (data objects), each consisting of a set of simple text headers and an arbitrary data block into one long file. The WARC format is an extension of the ARC File Format [ARC] that has traditionally been used to store "web crawls" as sequences of content blocks harvested from the World Wide Web. The WARC format is expected to be a standard way to structure, manage and store billions of resources collected from the web and elsewhere. It will be used to build applications for harvesting (such as the open source Heritrix web crawler), managing, access, and exchanging content.

The final deadline for me to vote is Thursday, Sept. 18, 2008, and I ask that you respond to me at least one week in advanced of this final deadline.

ISO

Basic information about ISO can be found at: http://www.iso.org/iso/theisocafe

NISO staff

  • Todd Carpenter, Managing Director
  • Karen Wetzel, Standards Program Officer
  • Cynthia Hodgson, Technical Editor
  • Victoria Kinnear, Office Manager
  • Anna Martin, Member Services Coordinator
  • Maryann Karinch, Communications and Promotions
  • Sue Waterman, Web Support

Board of Directors

The NISO membership has elected new leadership for the 2008-2009 terms beginning on July 1, 2008. Oliver Pesch has been elected to serve as Chair of the NISO Board of Directors. Currently the Chief Strategist for EBSCO Information Services in Birmingham, Alabama, Pesch helps set direction for EBSCO’s E-Resource Access and Management Services initiatives. Chuck Koscher has been elected to serve as Vice-Chair, and will become chair in 2009, when Pesch’s term expires. As Director of Technology at CrossRef, Koscher has been actively involved in improving the linking infrastructure for scholarly publications. Both will serve on NISO’s Board and Executive Committees.

Newly elected members of the NISO Board of Directors are:

  • Nancy Davenport, President, Nancy Davenport & Associates
  • Janice Fleming, Director of Business and Planning, PsycINFO, American Psychological Association
  • Bruce Heterick, Director, Library Relations, JSTOR
  • Barbara Preece, Executive Director, Boston Library Consortium
  • Bruce Rosenblum, CEO, INERA, Inc.
  • Mike Teets, Vice President, Global Engineering, OCLC

NISO Committees

  • NISO Architecture Committee
  • NISO Business Information Topic Committee
  • NISO Content and Collection Management Committee
  • NISO AVIAC (Automation Vendors Information Advisory Committee)
  • NISO Education Committee

As indicated earlier in this report, a number of working committees are developing specific NISO standards:

  • DAISY (Specifications for the Digital Talking Book)
  • Institutional Identifiers
  • Knowledge Base and Related Tools (KBART)
  • License Expression
  • Metasearch Initiative
  • RFID
  • Serials Joint Working Party (Serials Information Exchange)
  • SERU (Shared Electronic Resource Understanding)
  • SUSHI (Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative)
  • Versions of Journal Articles

NISO at ALA Annual

  • NISO/BISG Forum: The Changing Standards Landscape; Date: Friday, June 27th
  • Time: 12:30 pm - 4:00 pm; Location: Anaheim Convention Center, Room 304 A/B
  • AVIAC Meeting; Date: Friday, June 27th; Time: 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm; Location: Hilton Anaheim, Manhattan Room
  • NISO Update; Date: Sunday, June 29th; Time: 1:30 pm - 3:00 pm; Location: Hilton Anaheim, Capistrano Room
  • NISO Z39.7 Advisory Committee Meeting; Date: Monday, June 30th; Time: 8:00 am - 12:00 pm; Location: Hilton Anaheim, Executive Board Room

Other standards-related presentations held at ALA Annual

  • Electronic Resources Management Interest Group (ALCTS/LITA); Time: Friday, June 27, 6:30-8:00pm; Location: Anaheim Convention Center Room 203 A ;Topics: SUSHI, CORE, KBART, ONIX family
  • ALCTS Electronic Resources Interest Group; ERMing for a Consortium: Are We There Yet?; Time: Saturday, June 28, 10:30 am - 12:00 pm ;Location: Disneyland Hotel, Adventure Room; Topic: Consortial models for ERMs
  • RUSA-STARS Program; ILL Data Collection, Definition & Analysis: Why Don’t My Data Match What I Get from Various Systems?; Time: Saturday, June 28, 1:30pm – 3:30pm; Location: Disneyland Hotel, Adventure Room; Topic: Current state of ILL standards/activity
  • LITA Standards Interest Group; Program on Identifiers; Time: Saturday, June 28, 4-6 pm; Location: Anaheim Convention Center, 304 D; Topic: Persistent identifiers, linking ISSN
  • ALCTS Networked Resources and Metadata Interest Group; IT Support in Cataloging Departments ;Time: Sunday, June 29, 8–10am (business meeting from approx. 9:15–10am); Location: Disneyland Hotel, North Exhibit Hall, Meeting Room B; Topic: open discussion of issues such as technical competencies, metadata competencies, workflows which accommodate both Marc and other metadata schemas, and ways in which these skill sets can be brought into departments and support workflows
  • Serials Standards Update Forum; Time: Sunday, June 29, 10:30am-Noon; Location: Hilton Anaheim, Pacific Ballroom A; Topic: Institutional identifiers, linking ISSN;
  • ALCTS CRS Costs in Libraries Interest Group; Pricing Book and Journal Backlist Content as an Electronic Resource; Time: Sunday, June 29, 4:00-5:30 pm; Location: Anaheim Convention Center, Room 221 A; Topic: retrodigitizing older content previously available only in print and a SERU update.