Adam Schiff, University of WashingtonMore than 100 institutions participate in an international program to create and enhance Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) and Library of Congress Classification (LCC). The SACO (Subject Authority Cooperative) Program, a part of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC), allows libraries and other information agencies to propose new LCSH and LCC, as well as changes to existing headings and classification numbers. In the period from October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2005, SACO participants contributed nearly 3,000 new subject headings, almost 800 changes to existing headings, and close to 2,200 new and changed classification numbers. Each year, SACO participants contribute approximately 50 percent of all newly established LC Subject Headings.
Since 2001, the Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS) of the Library of Congress has published the SACO Participants' Manual, a guide for contributing institutions. The manual, written by Adam L. Schiff (Principal Cataloger, University of Washington Libraries), is available in print from CDS and is included in the Cataloger's Desktop CD-ROM and Web products. It is also available in PDF format (at no cost) on the SACO Web site in both English and a Spanish translation.
To keep up with changes to the SACO Program over the last few years, the PCC Standing Committee on Training established the Task Group to Update the SACO Participants' Manual. This task group, chaired by Adam L. Schiff, has been charged with preparing a revised edition of the Manual, taking into account changes to the SACO Program, errors identified in the first edition of the Manual, clarifications needed, and comments and feedback provided by users of the Manual. Other members of the task group include Karen Jensen (McGill University), John Mitchell (Library of Congress), Kay Teel (Stanford University), and Alex Thurman and Melanie Wacker (both Columbia University).
The task group has been busy since spring 2005, working its way through the current manual and making changes, updates, additions, etc. The revised Manual will include information on how to become a member of SACO and about the recently established SACO mentoring program. The section showing examples of decisions involved in making subject proposals has been extensively reorganized by type of proposed heading, with new examples added for genre and form headings, named buildings and structures, and others. The section explaining the MARC 21 authority record fields for subject authorities has been updated, with numerous new examples added. For example, in the examples given for field 670 (Source Data Found), a new section has been added with examples of citations for visual resources. Additional explanations will be provided on when to use and how to cite Web searches done in search engines such as Google.
The task group hopes to have the revised edition of the SACO Participants' Manual available to readers in early 2006. Look for announcements on various lists and on the PCC and SACO home pages. Users of the current Manual are invited to send their comments and suggestions to Adam Schiff at firstname.lastname@example.org.