Ann M. Sandberg-Fox, an internationally respected cataloging trainer and consultant who was one of the first Library of Congress (LC) employees to catalog computer files, died on August 21, 2003, at her home in Fairfax, Vermont. She was born October 10, 1931, and began work at LC on April 8, 1971. During most of her twenty-year career at LC, she was a member of the former Audiovisual Section in the Special Materials Cataloging Division (SMCD). She became interested in the cataloging of computer files and databases even before the advent of the Internet. While in the Audiovisual Section, she co-authored the manual Cataloging Microcomputer Files, published by the American Library Association (ALA) in 1985. As the Library's only full-time monograph computer files cataloger in the 1980s, she cataloged nearly all of the Library's "machine-readable holdings," which today are called "digital resources." She joined SMCD's Computer Files Team (now the Computer Files and Microforms Team) when it formed in 1991. Her former division chief, Jeffrey Heynen (now chief of the History and Literature Cataloging Division) recalled, "as an expert in issues related to cataloging machine-readable data files, Ann was instrumental in working out policies for describing computer files and for developing a processing workflow for them."
After leaving LC, Sandberg-Fox provided training and consultant services to libraries in North America and Europe. She was a faculty member for the OCLC Knowledge Management Seminars and the longtime chair of the American Library Association's Networked Resources and Metadata Committee. She was the principal editor of the International Standard Bibliographic Description for Electronic Resources and publicized the need for standardized description of digital resources to facilitate global exchange of catalog records; she was a speaker at the International Conference on Electronic Resources: Definition, Selection, and Cataloguing held in Rome in November 2001. She maintained close ties with LC, serving as editor of the Proceedings of the Library of Congress Bicentennial Conference on Bibliographic Control for the New Millennium, held in November 2000, and as chair of the task group that developed the Program for Cooperative Cataloging's core-level cataloging standard for computer files. Several of her former Library of Congress colleagues enjoyed seeing her at the ALA Annual Conference in Toronto last June, where she presided over a well attended program on "ISBDs: International Standards Bibliographic Description ? Do We Still Need Them?"
Sandberg-Fox earned a master's degree in library science from the Catholic University of America and taught at CUA, the University of Maryland, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where she earned a Ph. D. in library and information science. John Byrum, chief of the Regional and Cooperative Cataloging Division, remembered her as "a true pioneer in bringing computer resources into the library catalog. Her dissertation on facilitating the automation selection of main entry has been cited as the first library application of artificial intelligence. She will also be long remembered for her sustained contributions to developing and improving international standards for description of electronic resources of all kinds."
Sandberg-Fox is survived by her husband, Robert Fox, of Fairfax, Vermont; a son, Thomas Fox of New York City; and a sister and brother-in-law, Patricia and William Bosanko of California. Funeral services were held in Cambridge, Vermont, on August 26.