Open Government: Access, Issues, Legislation
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- Whistelblower Protections
- Open Gov't & Obama
- Less Access
- James Madison & Eileen Cook Awards
The Washington Office actively engages in promoting the public's "Right to Know" information created and collected by or for the federal government. This concept is an expansion and strengthening of the long-standing principle that government should make this information available.
From 1981 until 1998, the Washington Office published Less Access to Less Information by and about the U.S. Government, a selective chronology of efforts to rest rict and privatize government information. These efforts continue and the Washington Office continues to be actively engaged in combating them. The public's right to information has come under steady pressure and challenge since September 11th, on the ostensible grounds of "national security" and "sensitive homeland security." Recently, information is being withdrawn, restricted and changed on what seem best characterized as ideological bases.
Moreover, the challenges to right-to-know are increasingly to public access to records of the federal government, through statutory restrictions, administrative actions, and Executive Orders. The ability to obtain access over time to government information that is 'born digital' is another problem of increasing dimensions. The American Library Association has also signed on to the document, “ Moving Towards a 21st Century Right-to-Know Agenda: Recommendations to President-elect Obama and Congress." (pdf)
February 19, 2013
The following letters were sent:
- The first letter was sent to Chairman Issa and Ranking Member Cummings of the US House of Representatives, House Oversight and Government Reform to thank them for their letter to the Department of Justice's Office of Information Policy. "We greatly appreciate the breadth and detail of your requests for information from OIP. As you know, outdated FOIA regulations, excessive fee assessments, growing FOIA backlogs, and the misuse of exemptions are issues that continually frustrate FOIA requesters and are major concerns for many in the transparency community."
- The second letter was sent to President Obama asking him "to bring renewed attention to issues that continue to plague government-wide implementation, compliance, and enforcement of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)."
Action during the 112th Congress
The Faster FOIA Act of 2011 (S. 1466) sponsored by Sens. Patrick Leahy (D-VT), John Cornyn (R-TX), John Tester (D-MT), and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) passed the Senate by unanimous consent on August 1, 2011. Rep. Brad Sherman (CA-27) introduced the companion bill, H.R. 1564, in the House on April 14, 2011. The bill was referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform’s Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform.
Both the House and Senate versions of the bill would establish a commission that would be required to make recommendations to Congress and the President for reducing impediments to the processing of FOIA requests. While backlogs have presented a longstanding problem in agency implementation of the FOIA, the conditions and practices that create those backlogs are somewhat enigmatic. By conducting a thorough study of the root causes of FOIA processing delays and developing concrete recommendations, the commission will help agencies successfully implement President Obama's directive to reduce the significant backlogs of outstanding FOIA requests.
ALA’s Position: The ALA supports passage of the Faster FOIA Act of 2011. Public access to information by and about the government is a basic tenet of a democratic society. The Faster FOIA Act of 2011 would help to make more government information available to the public.
Action during the 112th Congress
- The Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012 (S. 743) – Sen. Daniel Akaka (D-HI) introduced the bill on April 6, 2011 and on May 8, 2012 the bill passed the Senate by unanimous consent. The companion bill in the House, H.R. 3289 was introduced by Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA) on November 1, 2011 and on September 28, 2012 the bill passed the House with an amendment. The Senate unanimously voted on November 13th to accept the bill with the House amendment and on November 16th the bill was sent to the President. The bill became Public Law No: 112-199 on November 27th after being signed by the President. This act will expand the scope of whistleblower protections in the federal government, including providing whistleblower rights to employees of the Transportation Security Administration.
- Non-Federal Employee Whistleblower Protection Act of 2011 (S. 241) – Introduced by Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-MO) on January 31, 2011. This bill would provide whistleblower protections for government contractors who provide information involving federal funds. The bill was referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Subcommittee on Contracting Oversight.
- Congressional Whistleblower Protection Act of 2011 (S. 586) – Sen. Charles Grassley (R- IA) introduced S. 586 on March 15, 2011. This bill would apply whistleblower rights to congressional employees. The bill was referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
ALA’s Position: The ALA supports passage of whistleblower legislation to ensure the American public's Right to Know – which promotes government accountability and fosters public participation; a long standing value of both libraries and librarians.
May 9, 2013 - The White House has issued an Executive Order, Making open and machine readable the new default for government information and a Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, Open Data Policy – Managing information as an asset.
February 22, 2013 - John Holdren, director of the White House’s Office of Science and Technology Policy, released a Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies. The memo, Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research, is the Obama Administrations response to last year’s We the People petition.
May 23, 2012 - President Obama released his Building a 21st Century Digital Government memo; introducing a new strategy created by the Federal Chief Information Officer, Steven VanRoekel. The memo, “Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People” builds on prior initiatives, including one on improving government websites that was born from Executive Order 13571 – Streamlining Service Delivery and Improving Customer Service.
- December 6, 2011 – The White House requested the public’s input on one of the National Action Plan initiatives.
- September 20, 2011 - President Obama released the U.S. Government National Action Plan as a part of the Administration’s participation in the international initiative – Open Government Partnership.
- January 28, 2011 – CRS released a report, The Obama Administration’s Open Government Initiative: Issues for Congress.
- 2010 – American Library Association participates in Openthegovernment.org’s evaluation of the open government plans.
- April 7, 2010 – Open government plans are released by federal agencies.
- March 5, 2009 – Federal Chief Information Officer, Vivek Kundra announced the creation of Data.gov.
- December 8, 2009 – The Open Government Directive is released.
- March 19, 2009 – In response to President Obama’s memo, the Attorney General released a FOIA memo with further guidelines (pdf). According to a statement released by the U.S. Department of Justice, the guidelines will direct all executive branch departments and agencies to apply a presumption of openness when administering FOIA.
- January 21, 2009 – President Obama released his FOIA memo and his Transparency and Open Government memo.
- Administration Actions Against Open Government
- Agency Initiatives to Close Government
- Free Government Information
Free Government Information was initiated by Jim A. Jacobs, James R. Jacobs, Shinjoung Yeo, three librarians at University of California San Diego, along with Daniel Cornwall, librarian at the Alaska State Library, and James Staub, librarian at the Tennessee State Library, in order to raise public awareness of the importance of government information and create a community with various stakeholders to facilitate an open and critical dialogue.
- Open Government Legislation