1997 STS Conference Program
Association of College and Research Libraries
Science and Technology Section
The Scientific Researcher:
Hardwired for Retrieval or Wedded to Print?
Monday, June 30, 1997
8:30 -11:00 am.
Moscone Center, Room 300
747 Howard Street
Are emerging formats and avenues of information retrieval making the traditional scientific journal obsolete? What can libraries do to match the new formats and forms of access to scientists' evolving research needs? This program will feature a discussion of emerging formats and user behavior. Suggestions will be given on how libraries can better serve scientists' research needs by matching material formats and library services to scientists' information seeking behavior.
Speakers and Presentations:
- Susan Starr, Library Planning and Action Initiative Coordinator, University of California Office of the President.
"For better or for worse? Electronic formats for disseminating scientific information"
Many scientists find current paper-based systems for distributing scientific information to be too slow and too expensive. Current systems also often fail to encourage the collaboration scientists need, and they may produce more information than researchers can easily digest. New electronic formats promise to ameliorate some of these problems, but they may well create others. We can judge the efficacy of both current and proposed formats for scientific communication by analyzing their potential to fill three major functions: dissemination, preservation, and quality control. Three major new formats will be discussed: electronic journals, web-based publishing schemes, and the electronic invisible college. The strengths and weaknesses of these formats will be analyzed and compared to other even newer proposals for changing the means by which scientific information is distributed.
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- Julie Hurd, Science Librarian, Science Library, University of Illinois, Chicago
"From Print to Electronic: Are we there yet? How can we know?"
Scientific communication is currently evolving from a print-based system reliant on the refereed scientific journal to a system that incorporates computer-mediated communication and new formats for disseminating information. The Internet, digital libraries, collaboratories, and emerging electronic journals are only some of the developments that will shape scientific communication in the future. As science librarians we are participants in the process along with scientists, publishers, database vendors, and others. This presentation will address what we know about the impact of information technology on scientific communication. How is the information seeking behavior of scientists changing? What research informs us? What else do we need to know? What methodologies offer promise of answering our questions about the transformation underway? What are the implications for library services?
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- Marilyn Von Seggern, Head, Science Reference, Owen Science and Engineering Library, Washington State University
"Seeing the Forest, the Trees, and the Species Communities"
The information-seeking habits of scientists and engineers are impacted by changes in the research environment. More research is crossing disciplinary boundaries to draw methods, techniques, and information from other communities. Communication of all kinds is undergoing rapid change due to electronic advances, and the results can be seen in the increase of collaboration and collaboratories, a decrease in interaction time, a move from print to electronic publications, and other trends. Change effected by technological innovation comes to science and engineering disciplines at varying rates and with different consequences. As information professionals adapt access and services to the changing environment, the differing characteristics of individuals and groups of researchers as well as "the bigger picture" should be taken into account.
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Ferguson, Chris D., and Charles A. Bunge, "The Shape of Services to Come: Values-Based Reference Service for the Largely Digital Library," College & Research Libraries 58 (3):252-267, 1997.
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Hallmark, Julie, "Scientists' Access and Retrieval of References Cited in Their Recent Journal Articles," College & Research Libraries 55 (3): 199-209, 1994.
Klein, Julie Thompson, "Interdisciplinary Needs: The Current Context," Library Trends 45 (2): 134-54, 1996.
Marchionini, Gary, Information Seeking in Electronic Environments, (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press), 1995.
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Wilson, Lizabeth A., "Building the User-Centered Library," RQ 34 (3): 297-302, 1995
Amy Paster, Acting Head, Life Sciences Library, Penn State University
Chair, STS Planning Committee, ALA San Francisco, 1997:
Amy W. Shannon,Head, Life and Health Sciences Library
Content Last Modified June 1997