Notice: These links are ancient and are here for archive purposes only.
by Nancy Kranich
President, American Library Association
The Benton Foundation. What's Going On, Losing Ground Bit by Bit: Low-Income Communities in the Information Age , Washington, DC: Benton Foundation, 1998.
Center for Media Education. Deepening the Digital Divide: The War on Universal Service . Washington, DC: Center for Media Education, 1998.
The Children's Partnership. Online Content for Low-Income and Underserved Americans: The Digital Divide's new Frontier—A Strategic Audit of Activities and Opportunities . Washington, DC: The Children's Partnership, 2000.
Cooper, Mark and Gene Kimmelman. The Digital Divide Confronts the Telecommunications Act of 1996: Economic Reality vs. Public Policy. Washington, DC: Consumer Federation of America and Consumers Union, February 1999.
D'Elia, George and Eleanor Jo Rodger. The Impacts of the Internet on Public Library Use: An Analysis of the Current Consumer Market for Library and Internet Services . Chicago, IL: Urban Libraries Council, October 2000.
EdLiNC. E-rate: Keeping the Promise to Connect Kids and Communities to the Future. Washington, DC: The Education and Libraries Networks Coalition (EdLiNC), July 10, 2000.
Firestone, Charles and Jorge Reina Schement. Toward an Information Bill of Rights and Responsibilities (Washington, DC: The Aspen Institute, 1995).
G8 Economic Conference. Okinawa Charter on Global Information Society . Official Document issued at the G8 Global Economic Conference, Okinawa, Japan, 2000.
Kranich, Nancy. “Libraries, the Internet and Democracy,” in Managing the Internet Controversy: Effective Strategies and Successful Models, edited by Mark Smith. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, 2001, p. 1-21.
Le Blanc, Jamal and Rachel Anderson, “Access and Accessibility,” The Digital Beat (The Benton Foundation) Vol. 2, No. 26, March 10, 2000. www.benton.org/DigitalBeat/db031000.html
Lenhart, Amanda. Who's Not Online: 57% of those without Internet Access Say They Do Not Plan to Log On . Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project, September 21, 2000.
McClure, Charles and John Carlo Bertot. Public Library Internet Services: Impacts on the Digital Divide: Stage 1 Final Report . Washington, DC: National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, August/September 2000.
National Public Radio, Kaiser Family Foundation, Harvard University. National Survey of American Adults on Technology . 2000.
Novak, Thomas P. and Donna L. Hoffman, Bridging the Digital Divide: The Impact of Race on Computer Access and Internet Use , Nashville, TN, Vanderbilt University e-lab manuscripts, February 2,1998.
Open Society Institute, Promoting Democracy as Digital Discourse: A Seminar on Broadband, Internet and the Digital Divide—A Post-Roundtable Report. Prepared by Jorge Schement, November 2000.
Schement, Jorge Reina. “Of Gaps by Which Democracy We Measure,” iMP: Information Impacts Magazine . December 1999.
Smolenski, Mark. The Digital Divide and American Society: A Report on the Digital Divide and its Social and Economic Implications for Our Nation and its Citizens , Stamford, CT: The Gartner Group, October 2000.
U.S. Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Falling Through the Net: Defining the Digital Divide , Washington, DC: vols. 1–3, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000.
Urban Institute. E-Rate and the Digital Divide: A Preliminary Analysis From the Integrated Studies of Educational Technology . Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, 2000.
Wilhelm, Anthony. Democracy in the Digital Age: Challenges to Political Life in Cyberspace.w York: Routledge, 2000.
American Library Association, Association of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies, Issues.
Benton Foundation. Digital Divide Network.
Clara M. Chu. The Digital Divide: A Resource List, UCLA Department of Information Studies.
U.S. Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). Closing the Digital Divide and Americans in the Digital Age: Falling Through the Net.
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology. Digital Divide Web Site.