Recommended Sources on The Digital Divide

Notice: These links are ancient and are here for archive purposes only.


by Nancy Kranich
President, American Library Association
January 2001

The Benton Foundation.  What's Going On, Losing Ground Bit by Bit: Low-Income Communities in the Information Age , Washington, DC: Benton Foundation, 1998.

Center for Media Education. Deepening the Digital Divide: The War on Universal Service . Washington, DC: Center for Media Education, 1998.

The Children's Partnership.  Online Content for Low-Income and Underserved Americans: The Digital Divide's new Frontier—A Strategic Audit of Activities and Opportunities . Washington, DC: The Children's Partnership, 2000.

Cooper, Mark and Gene Kimmelman. The Digital Divide Confronts the Telecommunications Act of 1996: Economic Reality vs. Public Policy. Washington, DC: Consumer Federation of America and Consumers Union, February 1999.

D'Elia, George and Eleanor Jo Rodger.  The Impacts of the Internet on Public Library Use: An Analysis of the Current Consumer Market for Library and Internet Services . Chicago, IL: Urban Libraries Council, October 2000. 

EdLiNC. E-rate: Keeping the Promise to Connect Kids and Communities to the Future. Washington, DC: The Education and Libraries Networks Coalition (EdLiNC), July 10, 2000.

Firestone, Charles and Jorge Reina Schement. Toward an Information Bill of Rights and Responsibilities (Washington, DC: The Aspen Institute, 1995).

G8 Economic Conference.  Okinawa Charter on Global Information Society . Official Document issued at the G8 Global Economic Conference, Okinawa, Japan, 2000.

Kranich, Nancy. “Libraries, the Internet and Democracy,” in Managing the Internet Controversy: Effective Strategies and Successful Models, edited by Mark Smith. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, 2001, p. 1-21.

Le Blanc, Jamal and Rachel Anderson, “Access and Accessibility,” The Digital Beat (The Benton Foundation) Vol. 2, No. 26, March 10, 2000.

Lenhart, Amanda.  Who's Not Online: 57% of those without Internet Access Say They Do Not Plan to Log On . Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project, September 21, 2000.

McClure, Charles and John Carlo Bertot.  Public Library Internet Services: Impacts on the Digital Divide: Stage 1 Final Report . Washington, DC: National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, August/September 2000.

National Public Radio, Kaiser Family Foundation, Harvard University.  National Survey of American Adults on Technology . 2000.

Novak, Thomas P. and Donna L. Hoffman,  Bridging the Digital Divide: The Impact of Race on Computer Access and Internet Use , Nashville, TN, Vanderbilt University e-lab manuscripts, February 2,1998.

Open Society Institute, Promoting Democracy as Digital Discourse: A Seminar on Broadband, Internet and the Digital Divide—A Post-Roundtable Report. Prepared by Jorge Schement, November 2000.

Schement, Jorge Reina. “Of Gaps by Which Democracy We Measure,”  iMP: Information Impacts Magazine . December 1999.

Smolenski, Mark.  The Digital Divide and American Society: A Report on the Digital Divide and its Social and Economic Implications for Our Nation and its Citizens , Stamford, CT: The Gartner Group, October 2000.

U.S. Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration,  Falling Through the Net: Defining the Digital Divide , Washington, DC: vols. 1–3, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000. 

Urban Institute.  E-Rate and the Digital Divide: A Preliminary Analysis From the Integrated Studies of Educational Technology . Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, 2000.

Wilhelm, Anthony. Democracy in the Digital Age: Challenges to Political Life in Cyberspace.w York: Routledge, 2000.

Web Sites

American Library Association,  Association of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies, Issues.

Benton Foundation.  Digital Divide Network.

Clara M. Chu.  The Digital Divide: A Resource List, UCLA Department of Information Studies.

U.S. Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).  Closing the Digital Divide and  Americans in the Digital Age: Falling Through the Net.

U.S. Department of Education,  Office of Educational Technology. Digital Divide Web Site.