Joint-Use Libraries: A Bibliography

ALA Library Fact Sheet Number 20

The following is a selected list of articles, books, and web sites covering the subject of combined and joint-use libraries. This Fact Sheet covers the two most common types of combined libraries: public libraries combined with school library media centers and public libraries combined with academic libraries. The citations in those sections are purposefully listed in reverse chronological order (i.e., from newest to oldest).


Bundy, Alan. "Joint-Use Libraries - The Ultimate Form of Cooperation." In Planning the Modern Public Library Building, edited by Gerard B. McCabe and James R. Kennedy. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2003. Also available at:

Johns, Mary. "The Benefits and Problems of Joint-Use Facilities." Public Libraries 38, no.6 (November/December 1999): 357.

Miller, William. "Joint-Use Libraries: Sharing Facilities for Greater Efficiency." Library Issues 24, no. 2 (November 2003).

Miller, William and Rita M. Pellen, eds. Joint-Use Libraries. New York: The Haworth Information Press, 2001. Co-published simultaneously in Resource Sharing and Information Networks 15, no. 1/2, Haworth Press, 2001.

Wells, Mary Kay. "Combined Libraries to Serve the Entire Community." Texas Library Journal 70 (1994): 100-04.

The entire Spring 2006 issue of Library Trends (Vol. 54, No. 4) featured the theme, "Dual-Use Libraries." Sarah McNicol served as issue editor over the following articles: 

The entire Summer 1999 issue of Colorado Libraries (Vol. 5, No. 1) was devoted to the topic of combined libraries. It included the following articles, which provided information on both school and academic types of public library partnerships:

(reverse chronological order)

Jackson, Elise. "Formal and Informal Opportunities for Public Libraries to Partner with Schools." Bookmobiles and Outreach Services 8, no. 2 (2005): 45-67.

Auld, Hampton (Skip). "Combined School-Public Library Facilities: Opinions, Case Studies, and Questions to Consider, Part II." Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 310-316.

Harrington, Judy. "The Three Cs of a Successful Joint Library Project." Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 314.

Moorman, John. "Don't Do It!" Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 35-38.

Nichols, LeeAnn. "Joint School-Public Libraries: Challenges and Opportunities." Public Libraries 41, no. 6 (November/December 2002): 312-14.

Auld, Hampton (Skip). "Combined School-Public Library Facilities: Opinions, Case Studies, and Questions to Consider, Part I." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 248-255.

Blount, Patti and Pam Gardow. "Double Your Fun with a Combination Public-High School Library." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 254-55.

Casey, James B. "The Devil is in the Details." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 252-53.

Christopherson, Dan. "What One Community Says about Joint Use." Public Libraries 41, no. 5 (September/October 2002): 250-51.

Bundy, Alan. "Essential Connections: School and Public Libraries for Lifelong Learning." The Australian Library Journal 50, no. 2 (February 2002): 47-70.

Sullivan, Edward T. "Connect with Success: A Few Tips for Public Library-School Cooperation." Journal of Youth Services in Libraries 14, no. 3 (Spring 2001): 14.

Woolls, E. Blanche. "Public Library-School Library Cooperation: A View from the Past with a Prediction for the Future." Journal of Youth Services in Libraries 14, no. 3 (Spring 2001): 8-10.

Casey, Mary Agnes. "School and Public Library Partnerships." Catholic Library World 71, no. 1 (September 2000): 81-82.

Fitzgibbons, Shirley A. School and Public Library Relationships: Essential Ingredients in Implementing Educational Reforms and Improving Student Learning. School Library Media Research [electronic journal] 3 (2000)

Lobner, Jerome and Lillian Kaslon. "School/Public Library Combinations." Nebraska Library Association Quarterly 31, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 17-21. Also available online at <>.

Kleiman, Allan M. "A Blueprint for Disaster." Public Libraries 38, no. 6 (November/December 1999): 357-58.

Sager, Don. "Joint Use of Facilities by Schools and Public Libraries." Public Libraries 38, no. 6 (November/December, 1999): 355-59.

Heinold, Daniel L. "Cissna Park Combined Public/School Library: A Model of Efficiency Through Cooperation." Illinois Libraries 75, no. 1 (January, 1998): 34-36.

Bauer, Patricia. "The Lasting Yield: A Report on the Azalea Combined Library." Florida Media Quarterly 23, no. 3 (1998): 10-13.

Combined School & Public Libraries: Guidelines for Decision Making. 2nd ed. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction's Division for Library Services, 1998. Also available online at <>.

Goldberg, Beverly. "Public Libraries Go Back to School." American Libraries 27, no. 11 (December 1996): 54-55.

Stack, Jack. "Combined School/Public Library Concept in the United States: Factors to Consider for a Successful Collaboration." International Association of School Librarianship XXV Annual Conference, Jamaica, July 29, 1996.

Tuchmayer, Harry. "Public Libraries Should Be School Libraries: Keeping School Libraries Open After Hours Isn't the Solution. North Carolina Libraries 54, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 25.

Goldberg, Beverly. "Palm Beach Official Embraces Joint-Use Trend." American Libraries 27, no. 2 (February 1996): 12

Olson, Rene. "2 in 1: Designing a Combined Library that Works for Everybody." School Library Journal 42, no. 2 (February 1996): 24-27.

Commings, Karen. "Public/School Library Cooperation Highlights Two Automation Projects." Computers in Libraries 14, no. 16 (January 1996).

Jeffus, Barbara. "Who Does What? School and Public Library Cooperation." CSLA Journal 19 (1996): 36-39.

Literature Review: Assessment of the Role of School and Public Libraries in Support of the National Education Goals. Prepared for the U.S. ED. Rockville, MD: Westat, 1995.

"What Works: Combined School/Public Libraries-Sometimes." Emergency Librarian 22, no. 2 (November-December 1994): 33.

Kinsey, Sally and Honig-Bear, Sharon. "Joint-Use Libraries: More Bang for Your Bucks." Wilson Library Bulletin 69, no. 3 (November 1994): 37-39+.

Madsen, Anne J. and Sue D. Williams. "Sharing Facilities and Funding: Should Communities Combine Their School and Public Libraries?" Virginia Librarian 40, no. 3 (July-September 1994) 16-20.

Miller, Carol L. and Lynn Presley-Clarke. "School and Public Libraries: A Popular Collaboration." The School Librarian's Workshop 14 (June 1994): 15.

Olson, Rene. "LAPL May Host High-Tech High School." American Libraries 25, no. 5 (May 1994): 386.

Oestreich, Diane. "Public Library-School Library Cooperation." CMLEA Journal 18 (1994): 579-80.

Call, I. S. 'Bud'. "Joint-Use Libraries: Just How Good Are They?" College and Research Libraries News 54, no. 10 (November 1993): 551-56.

"A Joint Venture in Rural Library Development: School and Public Library Service in a Single Community Location." Illinois Libraries 75, no. 4 (May 1993): 230-39.

Gerhardt, Lillian Noreen. "Philistines in the Inner City: Does a Town Need Separate Public and School Libraries?" School Library Journal 38, no. 7 (July 1992): 4.

Western Council of State Libraries Workshop. School/Public Library Cooperation. Colorado Springs, CO: Western Council of State Libraries, 1992.


White, Ruth M. The School-Housed Public Library--A Survey. Chicago: ALA, 1963.

(reverse chronological order)

Breivik, Patricia Senn, Luann Budd, and Richard F. Woods. "We're Married! The Rewards and Challenges of Joint Libraries." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 31 (September 2005): 401-408.

Massengale, Lisa. "Working in a Joint-Use Facility." The Library & Information Science Professional's Career Development Center. Available at:

Woods, Richard F. "Sharing Technology for a Joint-Use Library." Resource Sharing and Information Networks 17, no. 1/2 (2004). Co-published simultaneously in Libraries Within Their Institutions: Creating Collaborations, Haworth Press, 2004.

Albanese, Andrew. "Joint San Jose Library Opens." Library Journal 128, no. 14 (September 1 2003): 17.

"Joint PL/Academic Facility Open in Seminole." Library Journal (August 21, 2003) <>.

Dornseif, Karen and Ken Draves. "The Joint-Use Library: The Ultimate Collaboration." Colorado Libraries 29, no. 1 (2003): 5-8.

Kratz, Charles. "Transforming the Delivery of Service: The Joint-Use Library and Information Commons." College & Research Libraries News 64, no. 2 (February 2003): 100-01.

Lubans, John. "A Portrait of Collaborative Leadership: Donald E. Riggs and Nova Southeastern University's Joint-Use Library." Library Administration & Management 16, no. 4 (Fall 2002): 176-78.

Freeman, Alan. "An Innovative Library Partnership." Planning for Higher Education 30, no. 1 (Fall 2001): 20-26.

Riggs, Donald. "Joint-Use Libraries: Thinking Out of the Box." College & Research Libraries 61, no. 2 (March, 2000): 96-97.

Schwanz, Kathleen A. "Thinking about a Joint-Use Library? Developing A Memorandum of Agreement and Timetable Can Ensure Success." College & Research Libraries News 61, no. 6 (June, 2000): 478-80.

"Unique College, Public Library." The Unabashed Librarian 111 (1999): 14-15.

Anderson, Susan M. "Planning for the Future: A Combining Community and College Library." Library Administration & Management 13, no. 2 (Spring 1999): 81-86.

Rockman, Ilene F. "Joint Use Facilities: The View from San Jose; an Interview with C. James Schmidt." Library Administration & Management 13, no. 2 (Spring 1999): 64-67.

Flagg, Gordon. "Share and Share Alike?: Allan Kleiman and Jane Light Examine the Promise and Peril of Shared Facilities." American Libraries 30, no. 2 (February 1999): 40+ (6 pages).

Eberhart, George M. "Three Plans for Shared-Use Libraries in the Works." American Libraries 30, no. 2 (January 1999): 21-23.

Goldberg, Beverly. "Faculty Object to Shared San Jose Library: Joint University-Main Public Library Facility." American Libraries 29, no. 11 (December 1998): 21-22.

King, Sally and John Presley. "The Cooperative Concept: Worthy of Consideration (Warsaw Campus of Rappahannock Community College is a Combined College, Public and Law Library)." Virginia Librarian 41, no. 3 (July-September 1995): 19-22.

Schmidt, Ted. "Extended Campus Library Services: A Loveland Perspective." Colorado Libraries 21, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 20-21.

"Learning Center Opens in PL Branch: St. Louis Public Library and Local Community College Share Resources." Library Journal 119, no. 8 (May 1 1994): 20.

Cooke, George W. "What Are All These College Students Doing in the Public Library?" New Jersey Libraries 25, no. 2 (Spring 1992): 25-26.

Zuke, Jan. "Library Service to Extension Centers: Pilot Project; Cooperative Effort Between Collinsville Public Library and Belleville Area College." Illinois Libraries 74, no. 6 (December 1992): 526-28.

July 2006

For more information on this or other fact sheets, contact the ALA Library Reference Desk by telephone: 800-545-2433, extension 2153; fax: 312-280-3255; e-mail:; or regular mail: ALA Library, American Library Association, 50 East Huron Street, Chicago, IL 60611-2795.

Related Links

School/Public Library Cooperative Activities (joint ALA task force) - list of programs, web sites, resources


ALA Library Fact Sheets
Home to the complete list of ALA Library Fact Sheets, which provide valuable information about libraries and librarianship.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 1 - Number of Libraries in the United States
ALA Library Fact Sheet giving the number of libraries in the U.S.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 2: Number Employed in Libraries
ALA Library Fact Sheet providing the number of persons employed in libraries.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 3: Lists of Libraries
ALA Library Fact Sheet which names various library directories (including the American Library Directory published by Information Today, Inc.), provides contact information on the companies that sell mailing lists and mailing labels of libraries, and suggests a method to compile e-mail addresses for libraries.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 4: Library Operating Expenditures: A Selected Annotated Bibliography
ALA Library Fact Sheet with a selective listing of resources for determining the costs of running various types of libraries.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 5: Marketing to Libraries
ALA Library Fact Sheet which suggests strategies for informing the library community about your product or service, especially books.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 6: Public Library Use
ALA Library Fact Sheet which contains information from both recent studies that document public library use by patrons as well as reports the opinions that patrons have about public libraries.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 7: Video and Copyright
ALA Library Fact Sheet giving guidelines on the use of videotapes in libraries (and classrooms), as well as links to the companies that sell public performance rights licenses.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 8: Interlibrary Loans
ALA Library Fact Sheet reporting on the latest version of the Interlibrary Loan Code for the United States and linking over to where the interlibrary loan form can be downloaded as an Adobe Reader PDF document as well as a Microsoft Word file (which can be edited). Also provides guidance and bibliography on international interlibrary loan.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 9: Library Products, Services and Consultants
ALA Library Fact Sheet which names print and online directories of library vendors as well as library consultants, such as the Librarian's Yellow Pages and ALA's Directory of Peer Consultants and Speakers.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 10: Disaster Response: A Selected Annotated Bibliography
ALA Library Fact Sheet with selective listing of resources to help libraries respond to diasters, including water damage to books.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 11: Building Libraries and Library Additions: A Selected Annotated Bibliography
ALA Library Fact Sheet with a selective listing of resources on creating new library buildings as well as on adding on or renovating existing library buildings. Includes resources on ADA (American with Disabilities Act) compliance and library building consultants.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 12: Sending Books to Needy Libraries: Book Donation Programs
ALA Library Fact Sheet that lists the various groups and organizations that accept book donations for distribution in the United States as well as overseas.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 14: Moving Libraries
ALA Library Fact Sheet listing the companies that offer relocation services to libraries, as well as a select bibliography.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 15: Weeding Library Collections: A Selected Annotated Bibliography for Library Collection Evaluation
Annotated bibliography of resources informing on the process of discarding books from a library collection, focusing on collection development and collection evaluation.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 16 - Setting Up a Library: A Resource Guide
Bibliography of periodical, book, and web site resources for starting a library.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 18: How to Acquire Cataloging Materials
ALA Library Fact Sheet providing information on both Dewey Decimal System and Library of Congress cataloging materials.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 20: Joint-Use Libraries: A Bibliography
ALA Library Fact Sheet listing books and articles reporting on various joint-use (or combined) libraries across the country, especially public/school libraries.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 21: Automating Libraries: A Selected Annotated Bibliography
ALA Library Fact Sheet with resources for adding and using technology to perform various library duties, especially computer systems and software for cataloging.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 22: The Nation's Largest Libraries. A Listing By Volumes Held
ALA Library Fact Sheet tallying the 100 largest libraries in the United States, in order by size of each library's collection.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 24: Library Fund Raising: A Selected Annotated Bibliography
ALA Library Fact Sheet providing guidance on securing financial backing for your library.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 25 - RFID: A Brief Bibliography
A brief bibliography of ALA and other resources on Radio Frequency Identification, or RFID, technology, and its use in libraries.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 26: Internet Use in Libraries
Library fact sheet with statistics on internet access, filtering use; information on selecting and installing filters; additional resources

ALA Library Fact Sheet 28: ISBN and ISSN Systems
ALA Library Fact Sheet which gives a brief history of the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) and the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) and explains how to get these identification numbers for your own publications.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 29: Links to Library Web Resources
Selected list of web sites that provide valuable information about libraries and librarianship. Includes links to the U.S. Library of Congress and Copyright Office, the Schools and Libraries Program (e-rate discount organization), library-oriented e-mail mailing lists, the National Center for Education Statistics Public Libraries in the United States survey series, and a list of state library web sites.

ALA Library Fact Sheet 30 - National Library Symbol/Library Symbol Highway Sign
History of the National Library Symbol.

Market Your Publications and Services with ALA Mailing Lists (PDF File)
Latest version of the ALA brochure, "Market Your Publications and Services with ALA Mailing Lists," as an Adobe Acrobat Reader PDF file.

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National Library Symbol as a web site graphic (jpg) file.